Hermann Kemper (5 April 1892 – 13 July 1977 ) was a German engineer and pioneer in magnetic levitation.
Herman Kemper began his research on magnetic levitation in 1922. In 1933 Kemper constructed a working circuit for hovering on the principle of electromagnetic levitation, using electromagnetic attraction. He was awarded the Reich Patent number 643316, "Schwebebahn mit räderlosen Fahrzeugen, die an eisernen Fahrschienen mittels magnetischer Felder schwebend entlang geführt wird" (the invention of a monorail with wheelless vehicles that are on iron rails by magnetic field guided floating). This invention eventually led to the development of Transrapid.
In 1972, he received recognition of his research achievements, the Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany