Hilton Head Range Rear Light

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Hilton Head Range Rear Light
Rear Lighthouse of HH Range Light Station.jpg
Hilton Head Range Rear Light is located in South Carolina
Hilton Head Range Rear Light
Hilton Head Range Rear Light
Location Hole 15, Arthur Kills Golf Course
Hilton Head Island, South Carolina
Coordinates 32°9′51″N 80°44′24″W / 32.16417°N 80.74000°W / 32.16417; -80.74000Coordinates: 32°9′51″N 80°44′24″W / 32.16417°N 80.74000°W / 32.16417; -80.74000
Year first constructed 1879
Year first lit 1880
Deactivated 1932
Foundation Concrete Footings
Construction Cast Iron
Tower shape Skeleton tower
Cylindrical stairs tower
Markings / pattern White
Height 87 feet (27 m)
Focal height 92 feet (28 m)
Original lens Oil lamps
ARLHS number USA-972
Rear Lighthouse of Hilton Head Range Light Station
Area 1 acre (0.40 ha)
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 85003349[1]
Added to NRHP December 12, 1985

The Rear Lighthouse of Hilton Head Range Light Station, which is also called Leamington Lighthouse is an inactive light station on Hilton Head Island in Beaufort County, South Carolina.[2][3] In 1983, it was named to the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

Overview[edit]

The light station was built by the U.S. Lighthouse Board in 1879 to 1880. It is a cast-iron, skeleton tower on six concrete piers. The hexagonal base is 30 feet (9.1 m) in diameter. There is a central, cylindrical stair tower with a spiral staircase. The hexagonal watch room and lantern has a wooden structure. The focal plane of the lantern is 87 feet (27 m) above its base and 92 feet (28 m) above mean sea level. The tower was covered with wooden sheathing, which was later covered with sheet metal. This sheathing has been removed.

The tower originally had Hains oil lamps, which were replaced in 1893 with Funck-Heap lamps. The station was deactivated in 1932. The front range light was moveable to compensate for the shifting channel. It is no longer in existence. The brick oil house standard near the tower.[2] The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has information and pictures of the tower.[1]

The keeper's house was cut in two and moved to Harbour Town in Hilton Head. The tower is located on hole 15 of the Arthur Hills Golf Course.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b Wells, John E.; Preston Burch (July 1985). "Rear Lighthouse of Hilton Head Range Light Station" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Rear Lighthouse of Hilton Head Range Light Station, Beaufort County (Palmetto Dunes Resort off U.S. Hwy. 278, Hilton Head Island)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Lighthousefriends.com