||12 July 1991 (aged 43–44)
||Translation of The Satanic Verses
Hitoshi Igarashi (五十嵐 一 Igarashi Hitoshi, 1947 — 11 July 1991) was a Japanese scholar of Arabic and Persian literature and history and the Japanese translator of Salman Rushdie's novel The Satanic Verses.
Early life and education 
Igarashi was born in 1947. He completed his doctoral programme in Islamic art at the University of Tokyo in 1976, and was research fellow at the Royal Academy of Iran until the Islamic Revolution in 1979.
Igarashi was an associate professor of comparative Islamic culture at the University of Tsukuba. He translated Ibni Sina's The Canon of Medicine by Avicenna and Salman Rushdie's Satanic Verses.
After Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a fatwa in 1989, calling for the death of "the author of the Satanic Verses book, which is against Islam, the Prophet and the Qur'an, and all those involved in its publication who are aware of its content", he was stabbed to death repeatedly in the face and arms by an unknown assailant. His body was found on 12 July 1991 in his office at the University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki.