Hong Kong First Division League

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Hong Kong First Division League
Hong Kong First Division League.jpg
Country Hong Kong Hong Kong
Confederation AFC
Founded 1908
Number of teams 12
Levels on pyramid 1
Relegation to Hong Kong Second Division
Domestic cup(s) Hong Kong Senior Shield
Hong Kong FA Cup
League cup(s) Hong Kong League Cup
International cup(s) AFC Champions League
AFC Cup
Current champions Kitchee (6th title)
(2013–14)
Most championships South China (41 titles)
TV partners Now TV
Website http://www.hkfa.com/en/
2013–14 Hong Kong First Division League

The Hong Kong First Division League (Chinese: ) is a Hong Kong professional league for men's football clubs. It is also the top-tier division football league in Hong Kong. Established in 1908, it is the oldest in Asia. It does not affiliate to any football leagues in the rest of People's Republic of China.

Since 1908, a total of 28 clubs have been crowned champions of the Hong Kong football system. South China are the most successful club, having won 41 times since their first participation in 1941. They are also the current champions.

Competition format[edit]

A 2006–07 football match between South China and Rangers in Mong Kok Stadium.
  • Each team plays the other teams twice, one home and one away game. The ticket profits go to the home team. If there are two matches in the same stadium on the day, the profits are shared between the two home teams.
  • Since most of the teams do not have a home ground, the games are mostly played in Hong Kong Stadium or Mongkok Stadium. It happens that one team plays their home games in both stadiums in the same season.
  • The bottom two teams are relegated to the Hong Kong Second Division League.
  • Each season, HKFA decides the maximum number of foreign and mainland Chinese players each club can have and how many can play in each game. This season, a maximum of 7 foreign players (mainland Chinese players included) can be registered for a team, where no more than 5 of them could be played simultaneously on the pitch, with 1 more can be placed as substitutes.

Exceptions[edit]

There were two teams, The Army and The Police, that are not required to be relegated. The league explained that soldiers in The Army team were frequently redeployed to another country and hence it was very difficult to establish teamwork. The Police team were not required to be relegated as they supply the venue Police Sports and Recreation Club for the league.

Another relegation exception was made to South China Athletic Association during the 2006/07 season. The Hong Kong Football Association approved a request from South China to remain in the first division on June 14, 2006.[1] The reason for exception was not disclosed. The public believed that this application was allowed probably because South China has a long history in the First Division League and it would otherwise be humiliating for the club to be relegated to the Second Division. Another reason is that other football clubs rely on the large fan base of South China to generate revenues. Relegation would have resulted in a lose-lose situation for all sides.

Stadia[edit]

As Hong Kong is a small place, most clubs do not have space to build home stadiums. Even if they have their own training ground (as in the case of South China), the league matches were played elsewhere. The First Division League games were usually played in Hong Kong Stadium or Mong Kok Stadium.

Since 2009/10, the Hong Kong Football Association have assigned home grounds for every participating clubs.

The following table is a list of stadiums of the clubs in 2013/14.

Team Stadium Location Capacity
Biu Chun Rangers Sham Shui Po Sports Ground[2] Sham Shui Po 2,194
Citizen Tsing Yi Sports Ground[3] Tsing Yi 1,500
Eastern Salon Shing Mun Valley Sports Ground [3] (2 home matches)
Mong Kok Stadium [3] (7 home matches)
Sham Shui Po Sports Ground[2] (2 home matches)
Tsuen Wan
Mong Kok
Sham Shui Po
5,000
6,664
2,194
Happy Valley Tai Po Sports Ground1 [3] (8 home matches)
Siu Sai Wan Sports Ground [3] (2 home matches)
Kowloon Bay Sports Ground (1 home match)
Tai Po
Siu Sai Wan
Kowloon Bay
3,200
12,000
1,200
Kitchee Mong Kok Stadium[4] Mong Kok 6,664
South China Hong Kong Stadium So Kon Po 40,000
Southern Aberdeen Sports Ground Aberdeen 4,0002
Sunray Cave JC Sun Hei Tsing Yi Sports Ground[3] Tsing Yi 1,500
Sun Pegasus Mong Kok Stadium[4] Mong Kok 6,664
Tuen Mun Tuen Mun Tang Shiu Kin Sports Ground Tuen Mun 2,200
Yokohama FC Hong Kong Tseung Kwan O Sports Ground[5] Tseung Kwan O 3,5003
Yuen Long Yuen Long Stadium Yuen Long 5,000

Remarks :
1 As Siu Sai Wan Sports Ground will undergo renovation during the season, it will not be used for football matches within the construction period. Home matches of Happy Valley during the peroid will be played at Tai Po Sports Ground.
2 The capacity of Aberdeen Sports Ground is 9,000, but only the 4,000-seater main stand is opened for football matches.
3 The capacity of Tseung Kwan O Sports Ground is 3,500, but it can be expended to 5,000 if the temporary stand is opened.

Competing clubs[edit]

2013–14 season[edit]

The following 12 clubs are competing in the Hong Kong First Division League during the 2013–14 season.

Club
Position
in 2012–13
First season in
top division
Number of seasons
in top division
First season of
current spell in
top division
Top division
titles
Last top division title
Biu Chun Rangers 6th 1965–66 35 2012–13 1 1970–71
Citizen 8th 2004–05 9 2004–05 0 N/A
Eastern Salon 3rd, Second Division 1936–37 59 2013–14 4 1994–95
Happy Valley 2nd, Second Division 1959–60 48 2013–14 6 2005–06
Kitchee 2nd 1947–48 35 2003–04 5 2011–12
South China 1st 1918–19 93 1918–19 41 2012–13
Southern 4th 2011–12 2 2012–13 0 N/A
Sun Pegasus 5th 2008–09 6 2008–09 0 N/A
Sunray Cave J.C. Sun Hei 7th 1994–95 20 1994–95 3 2004–05
Tuen Mun 3rd 2010–11 4 2010–11 0 N/A
Yokohama FC Hong Kong 9th 2012–13 2 2012–13 0 N/A
Yuen Long 1st, Second Division 1961–62 20 2013–14 1 1962–63

Records[edit]

Unbeaten teams[edit]

References:[6][7]

Since 1945 (i.e. after WWII, when HKFA has held a complete record of the competition), there are 4 teams which have remained unbeaten throughout the whole season.

1945–46 There were 10 teams in the First Division. Navy B finished as 4th with a result of 5 wins, 4 draws and 0 losses. Navy B became the first team to go unbeaten in all league and cup matches in a season.

1977–78 There were 12 teams in the First Division. South China finished as the Champions with a magnificent result of 20 wins, 2 draws and 0 losses. South China became the first team in the League to go unbeaten in a season. The two drawn matches were against Eastern and Tung Sing.
In 1985–86 there were 2 unbeaten teams in the league. Both South China and Happy Valley topped the league with 10 wins and 8 draws. South China won the league with a goal difference of +21 five goals better than the +16 held by Happy Valley. South China became the first team to hold a record of 2 unbeaten seasons.

1978–79 In the season immediately after South China becoming the first unbeaten team, Seiko became the second team which achieved this result. With a slightly poorer result (19 wins and 3 draws) compared to the previous year's South China, Seiko still became the Champion of the season. The draw matches were against Kui Tan, Eastern and Caroline Hill. A more marvellous result for Seiko was that it won 5 out of the 6 competitions that season. The only trophy it failed to get was FA Cup, losing to Yuen Long by penalty kicks.

1985–86 Happy Valley was unbeaten in the season, same as South China (10 wins and 8 draws). However, Happy Valley just claimed the runners-up because a worse goal difference. It became the first unbeaten team which could not gain the title for the season.
2002–03# Actually, according to the league table Happy Valley did not go unbeaten during this season. The 'losing' match was against Fukien. In that match, Happy Valley was originally the winning team. However, it was later discovered that an ineligible player was used during the game. Happy Valley was penalised with a 0–3 loss.

2002–03 Sun Hei became the fourth team to go the whole season without losing a game in the history of the league. However, they were only able to achieve a second place finish, one point behind Happy Valley.

Top goal scorers[edit]

References:[8][9]

Season: 1957–58
Number of goals: 40
Team: South China
  • Hong Kong Dale Tempest (Most times winner for Top Goal Scorer prize)
Winning seasons: 1989–90, 1990–91, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95
Total goals: 160
Played teams: Eastern, South China, Kitchee
  • Hong Kong Yuen Kuen To (4 times Top Goal Scorer runner-up)
Runner-up seasons: 1967–68, 1968–69, 1971–72, 1972–73

Goalkeeper records[edit]

References:[10]

Record: 827 min
Season: 1992–93
He assisted Eastern to maintain a record of 0 conceded and 9 straight wins in the first 9 matches of 1992–93 season. His record ended when they played the second round match against South China at the 17th minute. The goalscorer was Loh Wai Chi.

Champions[edit]

Team Champions Winning seasons
Overall Before WWII After WWII
South China 41 9 32 1923–24, 1930–31, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1948–49, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1971–72, 1973–74, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1996–97, 1999–2000, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2012–13
Seiko 9 9 1972–73, 1974–75, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1984–85
Kitchee 6 0 6 1947–48, 1949–50, 1963–64, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2013–14
Happy Valley 6 6 1964–65, 1988–89, 1998–99, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2005–06
R.G.A. 5 5 0 1909–10, 1912–13, 1914–15, 1915–16, 1917–18
Eastern 4 0 4 1955–56, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95
C.A.A. 3 3 0 1927–28, 1928–29, 1929–30
Sun Hei 3 3 2001–02, 2003–04, 2004–05
Buffs 2 2 0 1908–09, 1910–11
King's Own Rifiles 2 2 1911–12, 1922–23
South Welsh Borderers 2 2 1931–32, 1933–34
K.M.B. 2 2 1953–54, 1966–67
Double Flower (Instant-Dict) 2 2 1995–96, 1997–98
D.C.L.I. 1 1 1913–14
Royal Engineers 1 1 0 1916–17
Royal Navy 1 1 0 1918–19
HKFC 1 1 0 1919–20
Wiltshire Regiment 1 1 1920–21
HMS Curiew 1 1 1921–22
East Surrey Regt. 1 1 1924–25
Kowloon FC 1 1 1925–26
Recreio 1 1 1926–27
Ulster Guards 1 1 1936–37
Royal Air Force 1 0 1 1945–46
Sing Tao 1 0 1 1946–47
Yuen Long 1 1 1962–63
Jardines 1 1 1969–70
Rangers 1 1 1970–71

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ 傳媒報導 - 2006-08-01 羅傑承主政班費千萬增兵 南華搵摩連奴師兄執教, SCAA Fans Club official site, Accessed on October 20, 2007.
  2. ^ a b "東方沙龍被編城門". Oriental Daily (in Traditional Chinese). 28 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "東尼 本地體壇 甲組賽主場安排惹不滿". Metropolis Daily (in Traditional Chinese). 27 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "體訊速遞:(足球)傑志飛馬「進佔」旺角場". Apple Daily. 24 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "李志堅傳帶兵投南華". Wen Wei Po (in Traditional Chinese). 28 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "聯賽長勝軍(上)" (in Chinese). The HKFA website. 
  7. ^ "聯賽長勝軍(下)" (in Chinese). The HKFA website. 
  8. ^ "甲組神射手回顧(上)" (in Chinese). The HKFA website. 
  9. ^ "甲組神射手回顧(下)" (in Chinese). The HKFA website. 
  10. ^ HKFA Webpage (in Chinese)(聯賽不失球紀錄的保持者─希福特)

External links[edit]