Hugo von Tschudi (1851-1911) was an art historian and museum curator, notable for being a collector of important Impressionist works. Tschudi was born in Austria and became a naturalised Swiss citizen.
The so-called "Tschudi Contribution" in 1905/1914 led to an extraordinary collection of masterpieces of Impressionism for the Bavarian State Collections in Munich. Hugo von Tschudi, who served as its general director, acquired 44 paintings, nine sculptures and 22 drawings, mostly from new French artists. But since public funds could not be used to purchase these works, Tschudi’s associates came up with the money from private contributions after his death.
Hugo von Tchudi purchased Gauguin's 'The Nativity' at a time when this controversial masterpiece that mixed the holy with the profane and the primitive was not generally appreciated by Europeans and, in particular, by Kaiser Wilhelm. As director of the Nationalgalerie in Berlin, he loaned the painting to that very same museum and, when fired by the Kaiser, took it with him to the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, which he directed until his death. The painting still remains at that gallery.