Humboldt (crater)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Humboldt (crater)
Humboldt crater Phillips crater 4178 h2.jpg
Lunar Orbiter 4 image of Humboldt (right) and the smaller Phillips (left)
Coordinates 27°12′S 80°54′E / 27.2°S 80.9°E / -27.2; 80.9Coordinates: 27°12′S 80°54′E / 27.2°S 80.9°E / -27.2; 80.9
Diameter 207 km
Depth Unknown
Colongitude 254° at sunrise
Eponym Wilhelm von Humboldt
Oblique view of Humboldt from Apollo 15
Detailed Lunar Orbiter 4 image of most of Humboldt

Humboldt is a large lunar crater that is located near the eastern limb of the Moon. Due to foreshortening this formation has an extremely oblong appearance. The actual shape of the crater is an irregular circle, with a significant indentation along the southeastern rim where the prominent crater Barnard intrudes. To the north-northwest of Humboldt is the large crater Hecataeus. Phillips is attached to the western rim. The rim of Humboldt is low, worn, and irregular in outline. The central peak forms a range on the crater floor. The floor surface contains a network of rilles forming a pattern of radial spokes and concentric arcs. There are also some dark patches located near the walls to the northeast, northwest, and southeast. There is a chain of craters leading from the northwest crater rim to a distance almost as long as the crater is wide. This formation is designated Catena Humboldt. Due to its location near the lunar limb, little detail was known about this crater until it was photographed by orbiting spacecraft (mainly Lunar Orbiter 4).

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Humboldt.

Humboldt Latitude Longitude Diameter
B 30.9° S 83.7° E 21 km
N 26.0° S 80.5° E 14 km

External links[edit]

References[edit]