Hura (plant)

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Hura
Hura crepitans (fruit).jpg
Hura crepitans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Hureae
Genus: Hura
L. 1753 not J. Koenig 1783 (now syn of Globba in Zingiberaceae)

Hura is a genus of trees in the family Euphorbiaceae described by Linnaeus in 1753.[1][2] It is native to South America, Mesoamerica, and the West Indies.[3][4][5][6][7]

Species[3]
  1. Hura crepitans L. - from Nicaragua + Bahamas south to Bolivia; naturalized in parts of Africa (Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Benin, Central African Republic)
  2. Hura polyandra Baill. - Mexico, Central America, Ecuador
names in homonymic genus [8][9]

In 1783, Johann Gerhard Koenig used the name Hura to refer to a very different plant from the one Linnaeus had named. Thus was created an illegitimate homonym.[10][9] Under the rules of nomenclature, Koenig's name had to be abandoned. The two names created using his genus are now in the genus Globba, as follows:

  1. Hura koenigii - Globba pendula (Zingiberaceae)
  2. Hura siamensium - Globba pendula (Zingiberaceae)


Detail of the spines on the bark of a Hura tree

References[edit]

  1. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 1008 in Latin
  2. ^ Tropicos, Hura L.
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Hura L.
  4. ^ Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  5. ^ Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
  6. ^ Martínez Gordillo, M., J. J. Ramírez, R. C. Durán, E. J. Arriaga, R. García, A. Cervantes & R. M. Hernández. 2002. Los géneros de la familia Euphorbiaceae en México. Anales del Instituto de Biología de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Botánica 73(2): 155–281.
  7. ^ González Ramírez, J. 2010. Euphorbiaceae. En: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 5. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 290–394
  8. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Hura J.Koenig in A.J.Retzius
  9. ^ a b Tropicos, Hura J. Koenig
  10. ^ in Retzius, Anders Jahan. 1783 Observationes Botanicae 3: 37 ("49").