IUCN Species Survival Commission

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The IUCN Species Survival Commission is a special commission operated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The commission's "major role is to provide information to IUCN on biodiversity conservation, the inherent value of species, their role in ecosystem health and functioning, the provision of ecosystem services, and their support to human livelihoods."[1]

Contents

Specialist Groups and Task Forces[edit]

The SSC operates a multitude of specialist groups and task forces under its wing. Each group is specifically inclined towards the conservation of a specific taxon or organismal grouping. Each specialist group usually has its own members, agenda, official website and publishes its own scientific journal or newsletter.

Each specialist groups are arranged together by taxon.

Amphibian and Reptile Specialist Groups[edit]

Amphibian Specialist Group[edit]

The Amphibian Specialist Group (ASG) is a global network of dedicated experts who donate their time and expertise to create a community from where practical amphibian conservation can be advanced based on a solid foundation of science. This global network consists of over 700 members in over 40 Regions/Countries enabling the ASG to act on a global scale. The Amphibian Specialist Group website contains information on projects and partnerships around the world and includes a number of publications relating to the conservation of amphibians, most notably the Amphibian Conservation Action Plan (ACAP).

Anoline Lizard Specialist Group[edit]

The Anoline Lizard Specialist Group was founded in 2011 with the goals of assessing the conservation status of almost 400 Anolis species in the iguanian family Dactyloidae, identify the threats to these lizards, and developing plans to conserve the species that are most imperilled, through international collaboration. The Anoline Lizard Specialist Group website is operated by herpetologists dedicated to the most species-rich terrestrial vertebrate genus.

Boa and Python Specialist Group[edit]

The Boa and Python Specialist Group (BPSG) was founded in 2011 and comprises a global network of herpetologists, conservationists, government and non-government representatives, and researchers working to understand and conserve almost 190 species of boas, pythons, dwarf boas, shieldtails, Asian pipesnakes, American pipesnakes, dwarf pipesnakes, Round Island boas, Calabar burrowing python, Mexican burrowing python, sunbeam snakes, and spine-jawed snakes. The group produced a / Boa and Python Specialist Group brochure highlighting the species these families, their distribution, and the threats they face.

Chameleon Specialist Group[edit]

The Chameleon Specialist Group (CSG) was formed in 2010, with a mission to improve the conservation status and sustainable use of wild chameleons and their habitats, through Africa, Madagascar, other Indian Ocean islands, southern Europe, south India and Sri Lanka.

Crocodile Specialist Group[edit]

The Crocodile Specialist Group (CSG) focuses on the conservation of the world's crocodilian species.[2] In 1992 the group has produced a major publication on crocodilian conservation, a book entitled Crocodiles: An Action Plan for Their Conservation.[3] This was followed in 1998 by a second edition, entitled Crocodiles: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. [4] The Crocodile Specialist Group website contains details of the conservation work of the group and information on all 23 currently recognised species of alligators, caimans, crocodiles, the false gharial and the Ganges gharial. The group also published Action Plans for each of these species, a regular Newsletter of the CSG and since 1971, the Annual Proceedings of the Working Meetings.

Iguana Specialist Group[edit]

The Iguana Specialist Group (ISG) is concerned with the conservation of 45 lizards in the family Iguanidae in North, Central and South America, the Caribbean, and the Galapagos and Fijian Islands. Included are the marine iguanas (Amblyrhynchus), Melanesian iguanas (Brachylophus), Galápagos land iguanas (Conolophus), spiny-tailed iguanas (Ctenosaura), rock iguanas (Cyclura), desert iguanas (Dipsosaurus), green iguanas (Iguana), and chuckwallas (Sauromalus).

Sea Snake Specialist Group[edit]

The Sea Snake Specialist Group (SSSG) is concerned with the marine snakes of the elapid subfamilies Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae, 62 species of true seasnakes, and eight species of sea kraits respectively. All are front-fanged venomous snakes with paddle-shaped tails. A number of species exhibit extremely localised ranges, whilst others are widely distributed. Some are harvested heavily for the snake-skin trade or food.

Marine Turtle Specialist Group[edit]

The Marine Turtle Specialist Group (MTSG) is one of more than 100 specialist groups and task forces that make up the IUCN Species Survival Commission. The Marine Turtle Specialist Group's mission is: "To develop and support strategies, set priorities, and provide tools that promote and guide the conservation of marine turtles, and their ecological roles and habitats."[5] It was founded in 1966, when Sir Peter Scott asked Dr Archie Carr to chair the group and appoint members. The group now has over 210 volunteer members from more than 80 countries and is considered to be the global authority on sea turtles.[6]

Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Group[edit]

The Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Group (TFTSG) is dedicated to terrestrial and freshwater chelonians. Their mission 
is to identify and document threats to the survival of
 all species of tortoises and freshwater turtles,
 and to help catalyze conservation action 
to ensure that none become extinct 
and that sustainable populations of all species
persist in the wild. They published Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises.[7]

Viper Specialist Group[edit]

The Viper Specialist Group (VSG) was formed through a cooperation between the IUCN and The Orianne Society. There are over 250 species of vipers distributed across all continents with the exception of Australia and Antarctica. The majority of these species are declining in populations. The Viper Specialist Group is dedicated to viper conservation worldwide.


Birds[edit]

Directory of SSC Specialist Groups for Birds

Cormorant Specialist Group[edit]

Crane Specialist Group[edit]

Diver/Loon Specialist Group[edit]

Duck Specialist Group[edit]

Flamingo Specialist Group[edit]

Goose Specialist Group[edit]

Grebe Specialist Group[edit]

Grouse Specialist Group[edit]

Heron Specialist Group[edit]

The Heron Specialist Group is a collaborative group of researchers and conservationists focused on the biology and conservation of the herons of the world. Herons are 64 species of long legged, long necked birds in the family Ardeidae. The Group was founded in 1984 by James Kushlan and Heinz Hafner and as of 2008 has over 200 members. It has organized several synthetic studies of herons, published as Heron Conservation (James A. Kushlan and Heinz Hafner, 2000, Academic Press), The Herons (James A. Kushlan and James Hancock, 2005, Oxford University Press), and Conserving Herons, A Conservation Action Plan for the Herons of the World (James A. Kushlan, Station Biologique de la Tour du Valat, Les Sambuc, France). The latter presents the status of the populations of the herons of the world and outlines strategies and specific projects for the conservation of herons.

Megapod Specialist Group[edit]

Partridge, Quail and Francolin Specialist Group[edit]

Pelican Specialist Group[edit]

Pheasant Specialist Group[edit]

Rail Specialist Group[edit]

Seaduck Specialist Group[edit]

Stork, Ibis and Spoonbill Specialist Group[edit]

Swan Specialist Group[edit]

Threatened Waterfowl Specialist Group[edit]

Wader Specialist Group[edit]

Woodcock Specialist Group[edit]

Fishes[edit]

Directory of SSC Specialist Groups for Fishes

Coral Reef Fishes Specialist Group[edit]

Groupers and Wrasses Specialist Group[edit]

The Groupers and Wrasses Species Survival Commission Specialist Group focuses on conservation efforts for species of fish in the families Serranidae and Labridae. Many members of these families are heavily exploited as food and sport fishes.[8]

Salmonid Specialist Group[edit]

The Salmonid Specialist Group specializes in the conservation of species of fish under the order Salmoniformes.

Shark Specialist Group[edit]

The IUCN Shark Specialist Group was founded in 1991 by L. Fowler OBE and Professor Samuel (Sonny) Gruber. The group is currently chaired by Prof. Nicholas K. Dulvy and Prof. Colin A. Simpfendorfer for the quadrennium (2012-2016). The SSG is a group of 128 experts from 35 countries distributed among 12 regional groups (roughly reflecting FAO fishing areas) in the fields of shark biology, conservation, management, fisheries and taxonomy, connected by their joint goal to promote the sustainable use, wise management, and conservation of all ~1250 sharks, rays and chimaeras. Their mission is to secure the conservation, management and, where necessary, the recovery of the world's sharks, rays and chimaeras by mobilizing global technical and scientific expertise to provide the knowledge that enables action.

Sturgeon Specialist Group[edit]

The Sturgeon Specialist Group specializes in the conservation of species of fish under the family Acipenseridae.

IUCN/WI Freshwater Fishes Specialist Group[edit]

The IUCN/WI Freshwater Fishes Specialist Group focuses on conservation efforts towards the freshwater fishes of the world.

Fungi[edit]

Directory of SSC Specialist Groups for Fungi

Chytrids, Zygomycetes, Downy Mildews and Slime Moulds[edit]

Cup-fungi, Truffles and Allies[edit]

Lichens[edit]

Mushrooms, Brackets and Puffballs[edit]

Rusts and Smuts[edit]

Invertebrates[edit]

Directory of SSC Specialist Groups for Invertebrates

Mollusc Specialist Group[edit]

Odonata Specialist Group[edit]

Mammals[edit]

This category includes 34 groups.[9]

African Elephants Specialist Group[edit]

African Rhinos Specialist Group[edit]

Afrotheria Specialist Group[edit]

This group includes aardvarks, hyrax, golden-moles, tenrecs and elephant shrews or sengis.[9]

Anteaters, sloths and armadillos Specialist Group[edit]

Antelopes Specialist Group[edit]

Asian Elephants Specialist Group[edit]

Asian Rhinos Specialist Group[edit]

Asian Wild Cattle Specialist Group[edit]

Asian Wild Cattle Specialist Group Homepage

Australasian Marsupials & Monotremes Specialist Group[edit]

Bats Specialist Group[edit]

Bears Specialist Group[edit]

Bison Specialist Group[edit]

Canid Specialist Group[edit]

This group (CSG) includes foxes, jackals, African wild dogs, and wolves other than the red and gray, which are in the Wolf Specialist Group.[9]

Caprinae Specialist Group[edit]

This group includes wild sheep and goats.[9]

Cat Specialist Group[edit]

This group includes only wild cats.[9]

Cetaceans Specialist Group[edit]

This group includes dolphins, porpoises and whales.[9]

Deer Specialist Group[edit]

Equids Specialist Group[edit]

This group includes horses, asses and zebras.[9]

Hippos Specialist Group[edit]

Hyaena Specialist Group[edit]

Lagomorphs Specialist Group[edit]

This group includes rabbits, pikas and hares.[9]

New World Marsupials Specialist Group[edit]

Otters Specialist Group[edit]

Peccaries Specialist Group[edit]

Pinnipeds Specialist Group[edit]

This group includes seals and walruses.[9]

Polar Bears Specialist Group[edit]

Primate Specialist Group[edit]

The Primate Specialist Group (PSG) was created and organized in 1977 by Dr. Russell Mittermeier, the current Chair and also the president of Conservation International (CI). The Deputy Chair is Dr. Anthony Rylands, also from CI. The PSG is a network of scientists and conservationists dedicated to the preservation of the world's primates, and assist by promoting research on the ecology and conservation of primates. With the help of experts in the field, the PSG evaluates the conservation status of all primates, which contributes to the IUCN Red List. The PSG also generates Action Plans aimed at helping specific groups of species and provides newsletters and journals for scientific publications. These publications cover all four global primate regions: Africa, Asia, Madagascar, and the Neotropics. It broadest journal, Primate Conservation publishes research about threatened primate species.[10]

Sirenia Specialist Group[edit]

This group includes dugongs and manatees.[9]

Small Carnivores Specialist Group[edit]

Small Mammal Specialist Group[edit]

The Small Mammal Specialist Group (SMSG) was formed in 2010 and is co-chaired by Dr Richard Young, Head of Conservation Science at the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, and Dr Don Wilson of the Smithsonian Institution. The SMSG is a network of scientists and conservationists working to promote a greater understanding of and conservation for the world's rodents, eulipotyphlans (hedgehogs, shrews, moles and solenodons) and tree shrews. These taxonomic groups are made up of over 2700 species, representing around half of all mammals. Led by Dr Giovanni Amori, the Red List Authority Focal Point, the SMSG evaluates the conservation status of all small mammals, which contributes to the IUCN Red List.

South American Camelids Specialist Group[edit]

This group includes guanacos and vicuñas.[9]

Tapirs Specialist Group[edit]

Wild Pig Specialist Group[edit]

Wolf Specialist Group[edit]

This group (WSG) is limited to red and gray wolves. Other types of wolves are included in the Canid Specialist Group.

Plants[edit]

Directory of SSC Specialist Groups for Plants

Others[edit]

Disciplinary Groups[edit]

Directory of SSC Disciplinary Groups

Conservation Breeding Specialist Group[edit]

Conservation Breeding Specialist Group website The Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG) is a worldwide conservation network dedicated to saving threatened species by increasing the effectiveness of conservation efforts worldwide. “Conservation Breeding" is a species conservation strategy. It employs the scientifically managed breeding of threatened wildlife for creation and maintenance of populations that serve to enable, support, or enhance the conservation of wild populations.

CBSG is recognized as a respected force using innovative, scientifically sound, collaborative processes to bring together people and knowledge to effect positive conservation change. CBSG is a part of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN. Its ties to the IUCN are essential to the strength of the CBSG and its position as a vital link among governments, conservation organizations, and others in the conservation community.

CBSG's mission is to save threatened species by facilitating successful integration of conservation efforts worldwide. CBSG links conservation breeding institutions (such as zoos, aquariums, botanic gardens and others) with other stakeholders helping each to contribute more effectively to the conservation of species in wild habitats.

CBSG's work in conservation is based on a central philosophy: that people from many different backgrounds and perspectives are required to address the global biodiversity crisis. Therefore, CBSG emphasizes the exchange of information across diverse groups to reach agreement on the important challenges facing humans and wildlife. They do this by designing interactive, participatory workshops that provide an objective environment, expert knowledge, and thoughtful group facilitation. CBSG's workshop “toolkit” for conservation professionals is based on using sound scientific principles, and promotes the creative use of new information to refine existing wildlife management practices. Through developing a broad understanding of challenges and alternative solutions, workshop participants can produce meaningful and practical management recommendations that generate political and social support for conservation action—from local communities to national political authorities. Timely production of workshop reports has immediate impact on stakeholders and decision makers.

Invasive Species Specialist Group[edit]

Invasive Species Specialist Group website

Publishes the newsletter Aliens.

Re-introduction Specialist Group[edit]

Re-introduction Specialist Group website

Sustainable Use Specialist Group[edit]

Sustainable Use Specialist Group profile

Wildlife Health Specialist Group[edit]

Wildlife Health Specialist Group website

Task Forces & Working Groups[edit]

Directory of SSC Task Forces & Working Groups

Asian Vulture Task Force

Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe Working Group

Species Conservation Planning Task Force

Restructuring Task Force

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IUCN - About the Species Survival Commission". International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "Crocodile Specialist Group". IUCN - SSC - Crocodile Specialist Group. Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  3. ^ Thorbjarnarson, J.; H. Messel, F.W. King & J.P. Ross, (editors) (1992). Crocodiles: An Action Plan for Their Conservation. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. pp. vii+136. ISBN 2-8317-0441-3. 
  4. ^ Ross, J.P. (editor) (1998). Crocodiles: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Cambridge, United Kingdom: IUCN. pp. viii+96. ISBN 2-8317-0060-4. 
  5. ^ "About the MTSG". IUCN Marine Turtle Specialist Group. Retrieved 8 September 2010. [dead link]
  6. ^ "The History of the MTSG". IUCN Marine Turtle Specialist Group. Retrieved 8 September 2010. [dead link]
  7. ^ Rhodin, A.G.J.; C.H. Pritchard, P.P. van Dijk, R.A.Saumure, K.A. Buhlmann, J.B. Iverson & R.A. Mittermeier, (editors) (2014). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises. Lunenberg, Massachusetts, USA: Chelonian Research Foundation Monograph 5. pp. 1–1093. ISBN 0-9653540-9-1. 
  8. ^ "Groupers and Wrasses Specialist Group". IUCN Groupers and Wrasses Specialist Group. Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "IUCN SSC Mammals". Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  10. ^ "Primate Specialist Group – Who We Are". Retrieved 22 June 2014. 

External links[edit]