Imagine (John Lennon album)

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Imagine
Studio album by John Lennon
Released 9 September 1971 (1971-09-09)
Recorded 11–16 February and 23 June–5 July 1971, at
Ascot Sound Studios, Surrey;
Abbey Road Studios, London;
Record Plant, New York
Genre Rock
Length 39:29
Label Apple
Producer John Lennon, Yoko Ono, Phil Spector
John Lennon chronology
John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
(1970)
Imagine
(1971)
Some Time in New York City
(1972)
Singles from Imagine
  1. "Imagine"
    Released: 11 October 1971 (1971-10-11)

Imagine is the second album by John Lennon. Recorded and released in 1971, the album was more heavily produced rock and pop in lieu of the basic, raw arrangements and primal rock as on his previous album, the critically acclaimed John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band.[1] The album is considered the most popular of his works. The title track is considered one of Lennon's finest songs. In 2012, Imagine was voted 80th on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time".[2]

Background[edit]

While in New York, both former-Beatles John Lennon and George Harrison had a short jam session.[3] At this session, Lennon asked Harrison if he would like to perform on Lennon's next album, with recording that was to begin in a week's time at Lennon's Ascot Sound Studios at his Tittenhurst Park residence.[3] Harrison said yes, and would ask friend and bassist Klaus Voormann, via a phone call, if he wanted to come to the recording sessions.[3]

Recording and structure[edit]

The first songs, "It's So Hard" and "I Don't Want to Be a Soldier, Mama, I Don't Want to Die", were recorded in February 1971 at Abbey Road Studios, during sessions for Lennon's single "Power to the People". (Other sources give the location as Ascot, however.[4][5]) A cover of The Olympics' 1958 song "Well (Baby Please Don't Go)", later released on John Lennon Anthology, was recorded in June 1971, during the recording of this album.[6] Lennon would choose to remake "I Don't Want to Be a Soldier" once the main album sessions were under way.

Lennon enlisted help from Nicky Hopkins, members of the Apple band Badfinger, Alan White and Jim Keltner. George Harrison would also drop by to contribute lead guitar parts on various songs.[7] Recording for the album started on 23 June 1971, at Ascot Sound Studios.[3] Lennon showed the musicians a song that he had recently written, the album's title track "Imagine".[3] Besides recording the tracks that would end up on the album, also recorded during the sessions was the unreleased song "San Francisco Bay Blues", a demo for a track that would later turn up in complete form on Lennon's Mind Games album, as "Aisumasen (I'm Sorry)", and a demo of "I'm the Greatest".[3]

Lennon and Ono flew to New York on 3 July 1971, to continue sessions for the album the next day, at Record Plant.[3] Although the basic tracks for Imagine were initially recorded at his home studio, Ascot Sound Studios in Tittenhurst Park, many of the instruments were re-recorded at the Record Plant in New York City, where strings and saxophone by King Curtis were also added.[3] The tracks that were finished at Record Plant are: "It's So Hard", "I Don't Want to Be a Soldier" and "How Do You Sleep?".[3] As on his last album, Phil Spector joined Lennon and Yoko Ono as co-producer on Imagine. Extensive footage of the sessions, showing the evolution of some of the songs, was originally filmed and titled, Working Class Hero before being shelved.[3] Footage of "Gimme Some Truth" aired as part of the BBC TV show The Old Grey Whistle Test, on 12 December 1972.[3] Later on, bits of footage was released as part of the documentary, Imagine: John Lennon,[3] and there is another documentary featuring footage from the sessions, released as Gimme Some Truth: The Making of John Lennon's Imagine.

Music and lyrics[edit]

Imagine was written and recorded during a period of particularly bad feeling between Lennon and former bandmate Paul McCartney,[8] following The Beatles' break-up the year before and McCartney winning his case in the High Court to have their legal partnership dissolved.[3] Harrison guested on half of Imagine 's ten tracks, including the brutal "How Do You Sleep?" − a song written in retaliation against McCartney's alleged personal attacks on Lennon and Ono, on his recent Ram album.[9][10] Although Lennon softened his stance in the mid '70s and claimed he wrote "How Do You Sleep?" about himself, he revealed in 1980: "I used my resentment against Paul ... to create a song ... not a terrible vicious horrible vendetta ... I used my resentment and withdrawing from Paul and The Beatles, and the relationship with Paul, to write 'How Do You Sleep?'. I don't really go 'round with those thoughts in my head all the time ..."[11]

The track "Imagine" became Lennon's signature song and was written as a plea for world peace. Years later he gave credit to his wife Yoko Ono who co-wrote the song. "Jealous Guy" has also had enduring popularity; it was originally composed as "Child of Nature" during the songwriting sessions in India in 1968 that led to The Beatles' double album The Beatles.[12] "Oh My Love" and the song "How?" were influenced by his experience with primal therapy: "How?" contains the questions he was facing while going through the changes produced in him during the ongoing process of primal therapy, while "Oh My Love" was written to communicate the joy and growth Lennon was experiencing as a result of the therapy.

Lennon also indulged his love of rock and roll with "Crippled Inside" and "It's So Hard". "Gimme Some Truth", originally heard during the Let It Be sessions in early 1969, appears on the album with a new bridge. The politically themed "I Don't Want to Be a Soldier" closes the first half of Imagine in a cacophonous manner. The last song on the album was "Oh Yoko!"; EMI pushed for this track to be the single, but Lennon thought it was too "pop".[11]

Release[edit]

1971 Billboard ad for the album.

The album was released on 9 September 1971 in the United States and a month later, on 8 October, in the UK. Early editions of the LP included a postcard featuring a photo of Lennon holding a pig, in mockery of McCartney's similar pose with a sheep on the cover of Ram.[13][14] It was also originally released in quadrophonic.[15] "Imagine", backed with "It's So Hard", was released as a single, in the US on 11 October 1971.[3] The album went to number 1 worldwide and became an enduring seller, with the title track reaching number 3 in the United States. "Imagine" would not be issued as a single in Britain until four years later, to coincide with the release of Lennon's Shaved Fish singles collection.[16]

The front cover was a Polaroid taken by Andy Warhol.[17] The back cover photograph was taken by Yoko Ono.[18] A quote from Ono's book Grapefruit (which the Lennons were in the process of promoting the re-release of in the UK) was also included on the back cover: "Imagine the clouds dripping. Dig a hole in your garden to put them in."

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 5/5 stars[19]
Robert Christgau A[20]
Adrian Denning 9/10[21]
MusicHound 4/5 stars[22]
Q 4/5 stars[23]
Rolling Stone (mixed)[24]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 4/5 stars[25]

Upon the album's release, Rolling Stone reported that "it contains a substantial portion of good music" but, regarding the album's predecessor as superior, warned of the possibility that "his posturings will soon seem not merely dull but irrelevant".[24] In 2012, Imagine was voted 80th on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time".[2]

Promotional film[edit]

In 1972, Lennon and Ono released an 81-minute film to accompany the Imagine album which featured footage of them at their Berkshire property at Tittenhurst Park and in New York City. It included many of the tracks from the album and some additional material from Ono's 1971 album Fly.[3] Several celebrities appeared in the film, including Andy Warhol, Fred Astaire, Jack Palance, Dick Cavett and George Harrison. Derided by critics as "the most expensive home movie of all time", it premiered to an American audience,[26] on TV on 23 December 1972.[3]

Legacy[edit]

In a November 1971 interview for Melody Maker, McCartney spoke positively of Imagine, considering it to be less political than Lennon's previous solo albums. In a subsequent edition of the same publication, Lennon rebuked his former bandmate, saying, "So you think 'Imagine' ain't political? It's 'Working Class Hero' with sugar on it for conservatives like yourself!!" and likened McCartney's politics to those of the staunchly traditional Mary Whitehouse.[27] Imagine was voted as Radio Luxembourg's "Album of the Year" on 24 December 1971.[3]

After Lennon's death, Imagine, along with seven other Lennon albums, was reissued by EMI as part of a box set, which was released in the UK on 15 June 1981.[nb 1][28] Like its title track, Lennon's Imagine became a posthumous hit worldwide after his death in December 1980. The album re-entered the charts during 1981, peaking at number 3 in Norway,[29] 5 in the United Kingdom,[30] 34 in Sweden,[31] and 63 in the United States.[32] In 2000, Yoko Ono supervised the remixing of Imagine for its remastered reissue. In February 2000, the remastered and remixed edition reached number 11 on the Japanese chart.[33] It was reissued in 2003 by Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab on gold CD and on 180 gram half-speed mastered vinyl. The Record Plant piano on which Lennon re-recorded some of the album's keyboard parts was sold at auction in 2007.[34] In October 2010, another remastered version of the album was released, and the album re-entered the Billboard Top 200 at number 88. On 23 November 2010, Imagine became available on the Rock Band 3 video game, exploiting the music game's use of a keyboard. On Record Store Day 2011, in honour of the album's 40th anniversary, it was re-released on 180gram vinyl with an additional 12" white vinyl record entitled Imagine Sessions, featuring tracks taken from the John Lennon Anthology. In January 2014, the album was released by Universal Music on the High Fidelity Pure Audio Blu-ray format, featuring PCM, DTS HD and Dolby Tru HD audio tracks, based on the 2010 remaster.[nb 2]

Track listing[edit]

All songs written by John Lennon, except "Oh My Love" by Lennon and Yoko Ono. Detailed credits were published in Disc and Music Echo on 2 October 1971.

Side one
  1. "Imagine" — 3:01
  2. "Crippled Inside" — 3:47
  3. "Jealous Guy" — 4:14
  4. "It's So Hard" — 2:25
  5. "I Don't Wanna Be a Soldier Mama I Don't Wanna Die" — 6:05
Side two
  1. "Gimme Some Truth" — 3:16
  2. "Oh My Love" — 2:50
  3. "How Do You Sleep?" — 5:36
  4. "How?" — 3:43
  5. "Oh Yoko!" — 4:20

Personnel[edit]

Personnel per Blaney.[35]

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification
United Kingdom (BPI)[49] Gold
United States (RIAA)[50] 2× Platinum

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ UK EMI JLB8[28]
  2. ^ Side one: "Baby Please Don't Go" (Walter Ward), "Imagine", "How Do You Sleep?". Side two: "Jealous Guy", "Oh My Love" (Lennon−Ono), "I Don't Wanna Be a Soldier".
Citations
  1. ^ Clayton, Marie (2003). John Lennon. Unseen Archives. Parragon Publishing Book. p. 383. ISBN 0-7525-8514-2. 
  2. ^ a b "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: John Lennon, 'Imagine'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-06-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Miles, Barry; Badman, Keith, ed. (2001). The Beatles Diary After the Break-Up: 1970–2001 (reprint ed.). London: Music Sales Group. ISBN 978-0-7119-8307-6. 
  4. ^ Williams, Richard (2003). Phil Spector: Out of His Head. London: Omnibus Press. p. 160. ISBN 0-7119-9864-7. 
  5. ^ Blaney, John (2005). John Lennon: Listen to This Book (illustrated ed.). [S.l.]: Paper Jukebox. pp. 66–70. ISBN 978-0-9544528-1-0. 
  6. ^ "The Beatles Bible – John Lennon: Imagine (album)". Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  7. ^ Leng, Simon (2006) [2003]. While My Guitar Gently Weeps: The Music of George Harrison. SAF Publishing Ltd. pp. 108–109. ISBN 978-1-4234-0609-9. 
  8. ^ The Editors of Rolling Stone, Harrison, Rolling Stone Press/Simon & Schuster (New York, NY, 2002), p. 42.
  9. ^ Brown, Peter; Gaines, Steven (2002). The Love You Make: An Insider's Story of The Beatles. New York: New American Library. p. 351. ISBN 0-451-20735-1. 
  10. ^ Perone, James E. (2012). The Album: A Guide to Pop Music's Most Provocative, Influential, and Important Creations. ABC-CLIO. pp. 143, 1488. ISBN 978-0-313-37907-9. 
  11. ^ a b "Playboy Interview with John Lennon and Yoko Ono – 1980". john-lennon.com. Retrieved 15 December 2007. 
  12. ^ Miles, Barry (1997). Many Years from Now. Random House. p. 423. ISBN 978-0-7493-8658-0. 
  13. ^ Clayton 2003, p. 301
  14. ^ Norman, Philip (2008). John Lennon: The Life. New York: HarperCollins. p. 672. ISBN 978-0-06-075401-3. 
  15. ^ "QuadraphonicQuad Beatles Surround Music Releases". Quadraphonicquad.com. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "Imagine". Connollyco.com. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  17. ^ Raul (23 June 2012). "John Lennon, Yoko Ono & Sean Lennon Andy Warhol Polaroids". FeelNumb.com. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  18. ^ "John Lennon: Imagine (album) | The Beatles Bible - Part 2". The Beatles Bible. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  19. ^ AllMusic review
  20. ^ Robert Christgau review
  21. ^ "John Lennon | album reviews". adriandenning.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  22. ^ Gary Graff & Daniel Durcholz, MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide, Visible Ink Press (Farmington Hills, MI, 1999), p. 667.
  23. ^ "John Lennon Imagine CD Album". CD Universe/Muze. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 
  24. ^ a b Gerson, Ben (28 October 1971). "Imagine". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 12 November 2010. 
  25. ^ "John Lennon: Album Guide | Rolling Stone Music". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 16 August 2014. 
  26. ^ Harry 2000b, p. 378.
  27. ^ "Lennon & McCartney, Melody Maker Magazine, November 1971". The Beatles Interview Database. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  28. ^ a b Blaney 2005, p. 203
  29. ^ "norwegiancharts.com – Norwegian harts portal". VG-lista. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  30. ^ "Chart Stats – Album chart for 07/02/1981". The Official Charts Company. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  31. ^ "swedishcharts.com John Lennon – Imagine". Sverigetopplistan. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  32. ^ "John Lennon – Chart Archives on the Billboard 200". Homepage1.nifty.com. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  33. ^ ジョン・レノン-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック "Highest position and charting weeks of Imagine <Remixed and Digitally Remastered edition> by John Lennon". Oricon Style. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  34. ^ "Lennon's Last Piano for Sale, Bo Diddley's Better, McCartney on Home Shopping Network". Rolling Stone. 30 May 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  35. ^ Blaney 2005, pp. 82–90
  36. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  37. ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 16, No. 12, November 06 1971". RPM. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 
  38. ^ "dutchcharts.nl John Lennon – Imagine". Hung Medien, dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  39. ^ a-ビートルズ "– Yamachan Land (Archives of the Japanese record charts) – Albums Chart Daijiten – The Beatles" (in Japanese). 30 December 2007. Retrieved 14 September 2011. 
  40. ^ "norwegiancharts.com John Lennon – Imagine". Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  41. ^ "Chart Stats – John Lennon – Imagine". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 
  42. ^ "allmusic ((( Imagine > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". allmusic.com. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 
  43. ^ "Album Search: John Lennon" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 
  44. ^ "Dutch charts jaaroverzichten 1971" (ASP) (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  45. ^ "Dutch charts jaaroverzichten 1972" (ASP) (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  46. ^ 図15-2 1972~1973年度 LPランキング上位20 "Page 15/24 – 20 Top-selling LPs on the Japanese Oricon Chart 1972~73" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  47. ^ "Dutch charts jaaroverzichten 1981" (ASP) (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  48. ^ "Complete UK Year-End Album Charts". Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  49. ^ "British album certifications – John Lennon – Imagine". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Imagine in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  50. ^ "American album certifications – John Lennon – Imagine". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH