Incheon Free Economic Zone

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Incheon Free Economic Zone

The Incheon Free Economic Zone (IFEZ), located in Incheon, South Korea is a Korean Free Economic Zone that consists of the three regions of Songdo, Cheongna, and the island of Yeongjong and has a total area of 51,739 acres (209.38 km2).[1] The goal of the IFEZ is to transform these three areas into hubs for logistics, international business, leisure, and tourism for the Northeast Asian region. Incheon's Free Economic Zone was officially designated by the Korean government in August 2003.[2][3] IFEZ is planned to be a self-contained living and business district featuring air and sea transportation, a logistics complex, an international business center, financial services, residences, schools and hospitals, and shopping and entertainment centres.

Purpose[edit]

The Incheon Free Economic Zone (IFEZ) is established as one of the future top 3 economic zones in the world.[4] There are three stages to achieve the goal: the Infrastructure Development Stage, the Project Development stage, and the Project Completion stage. The time period for the Infrastructure Development stage is from 2003 to 2009, and the time period for the Project Development stage is from 2010 to 2014.[4] The final stage is expected to be completed by 2020.[4] The first stage is for building infrastructures, and the second stage is for "expanding the infrastructure for education, health, and leisure, and attracting domestic and international businesses" [4] The final stage is to realize the goal of the project of building the top 3 economic zone in the world.[4]

Investment Incentives[edit]

In order to attract many domestic and international businesses, three types of incentives are given: tax reductions, estate support, and subsidies.[5] No taxes are levied on corporate and individual income for few years.[5] The regional government does not impose the acquisition tax over 15 years and the property tax over 10 years.[5] After 10 years of operation without any property tax levied, the business entities are imposed only 50% of the property taxes for three years.[5] The period of corporate and individual income tax levied by the national government varies by the size and the types of the business moving into the district.[5] For companies renting an office, at least 50% of rent reduction can be given to companies falls in the following criteria: "foreign investment rate between $5-10 million", "Average daily employment of 100-200 people", "Greater than 50% of production as exports, procurement of national parts and raw materials between 50-75%", and "Between 50-75% of production as exports" [5] If a business entity has more than 30% of foreign investment, employers and employees of the organization can claim following benefits: the location subsidies, the facility subsidies, the education subsidies, the employment subsidies, the promotion result compensation, the business transfer subsidies, and the funding subsidies.[5]

New Songdo City[edit]

Songdo International City began development in 1994 and is being built on reclaimed land. It is designated to become a center of diverse international businesses, a hub for international trade, an area for knowledge-based technologies, and a place for eco-friendly urban living.

In August 2009, Incheon will host the Global Fair & Festival 2009 Incheon, Korea in the New Songdo City for a period of 80 days.

HIGHLIGHT OF THE SONGDO IBD MASTER PLAN

  • Development size: 13,162 acres (53.26 km2)
  • Planned population: 252,000 persons
  • Construction duration: 1994~2015
  • a 100,000,000-square-foot (9,300,000 m2) new city on 150 acres (0.61 km2)
  • Commercial 40 million SF
  • Residential 35 million SF
  • Retail 10 million SF
  • Hospitality 5 million SF
  • public space 10 million SF
  • The 68-story Northeast Asia Trade Tower, which will stand as Korea's tallest building and most advanced corporate center.
  • The architecturally stunning Songdo Convensia, operating as Incheon's primary convention center, is Korea's largest column-free interior space.
  • 600 acres (2.4 km2) of open space including a 100-acre (0.40 km2) Central Park, providing a beautiful place of refuge and relaxation for those who live and work in the city.
  • The Incheon Arts Center, a cultural complex housing a concert hall, opera house, museum of Asian contemporary art, a music conservatory, design school, artist in residence housing, and a library.
  • The Jack Nicklaus Golf Club Korea, co-developed with Kitson Partners, features an 18-hole championship golf course, a full clubhouse and a fitness center situated on a 228-acre (0.92 km2) site which will also include luxury villas and condominiums.
  • Public and private schools including the International School Songdo (ISS) for students kindergarten through high school, offering a state-of-the-art learning environment and international perspectives to prepare them for leading post-secondary schools around the world.
  • Songdo International City Hospital, planned to boast the latest in medical diagnosis and treatment technologies. Partners such as 3M and Microsoft will also participate in the development of this world class healthcare facility.

International Business District[edit]

This project consists of the Songdo Convencia convention centre, the North East Asia Trade Tower (NEATT), many office buildings, and a Jack Nicklaus Golf Course on 1,364 acres (5.52 km2). The projected budget is approximately 22 billion dollars. The developer is NSIC, a joint venture company between GALE and POSCO.

Songdo Convencia was under construction since March 2005 and was completed by early 2009. It is Songdo's first LEED certified project. NEATT has been under construction since February 2007, and the first phase will be finished by the end of 2009. It will contain 65 stories to a height of approximately 300 meters. A central park is also under construction that will be 10% the size of Songdo International City. It will contain a museum, a botanical garden, an artificial lake and will open in June 2009.

Incheon Tower[edit]

Incheon Tower will be located in Construction Area 11. It is proposed 151-floor, 610 meter tower. When completed, it will be the tallest building in east Asia and the second tallest in the world after the Burj Khalifa (828 m).

Incheon Bridge[edit]

Incheon Bridge is a large bridge that will connect Songdo International City and Yeongjong Island. Upon completion, the bridge will be 12.3 km (7.6 mi) long, and will be 5th longest bridge in Asia with the longest being the Hangzhou Bay Bridge at 35.6 km (22.1 mi) long.

Incheon International Hospital[edit]

Incheon will have a world-class hospital in its new Songdo City complex in 2014.

According to the MOU, the hospital with 600 beds will be the first profit-making medical institute in Korea, with a sizable foreign investment. It is estimated to cost 400 billion won.

The hospital will be built on an 80,000 square-meter site, and construction will be completed by late 2016. The hospital will be fully operational in 2016.

Yeongjong Island[edit]

Yeongjong International City’s 34,183 acres (138.33 km2) centering on the Incheon International Airport will be developed as an eco-friendly airport city by 2020. It will be a functional city with residential amenities for airport staff and visitors, as well as logistics, commercial and distribution facilities. Yeongjong will provide an optimal environment for logistic, tourism and leisure in conjunction with the Incheon International Airport.

  • Development size: 34,183 acres (138.33 km2)
  • Planned population: 144,800 persons
  • Duration: 2002~2016

Cheongna[edit]

The Cheongna district, on the mainland adjacent Yeongjong Island, will focus on entertainment and will feature a world class theme park. It will also be a residential area with sports facilities, a floriculture complex, and a business area specially designed for international finance.

  • Development Size: 4,394 acres (17.78 km2)
  • Planned population: 90,000 persons
  • Duration: 2004~2008

References[edit]

External links[edit]