Inner Urge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Inner Urge
Studio album by Joe Henderson
Released 1965
Recorded November 30, 1964
Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs
Genre Jazz, hard bop
Length 43:14
Label Blue Note
BST 84189
Producer Alfred Lion
Joe Henderson chronology
In 'n Out
Inner Urge
Mode for Joe
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars[1]
Penguin Guide to Jazz 4/4 stars (8th ed.)
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide 4/5 stars[2]

Inner Urge is an album by jazz saxophonist Joe Henderson released in 1965, the fourth recorded as a leader for Blue Note Records. It was recorded at the Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey on November 30, 1964. It features performances by pianist McCoy Tyner, Elvin Jones on drums, both associated with John Coltrane,[3][4] bassist Bob Cranshaw and Joe Henderson on tenor saxophone.

The Penguin Guide to Jazz gave the album a four-star rating (of a possible four stars), describing the music as "dark and intense".[5]

The compositions[edit]

The title track, "Inner Urge", was written at a time when Henderson was "consumed by an inner urgency which could only be satisfied through this tune. During that period I was coping with the anger and frustration that can come of trying to find your way in the maze of New York, and of trying to adjust the pace you have to set in hacking your way in that city in order to just exist." "Isotope" is a tribute to Thelonious Monk's humour in his tunes, whilst "El Barrio" represents Henderson's attachment to the "Spanish musical ethos". The piece especially brings back to mind Henderson's childhood in Lima, Ohio. The saxophonist recalls giving the other musicians two simple chords, B major and C major 7, and asking them "to play something with a Spanish feeling" on top of that. The melody was totally played off-the-cuff.[6]

Track listing[edit]

All pieces by Joe Henderson, except as indicated.

  1. "Inner Urge" - 11:58
  2. "Isotope" - 9:15
  3. "El Barrio" - 7:15
  4. "You Know I Care" (Duke Pearson) - 7:22
  5. "Night and Day" (Cole Porter) - 7:24





  1. ^ Gioffre, Daniel. "Inner Urge - Joe Henderson | AllMusic". Retrieved 17 July 2011. 
  2. ^ Swenson, J. (Editor) (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 100. ISBN 0-394-72643-X. 
  3. ^ James Beaudreau. "Review at PopMatters". Retrieved 2007-07-29. On November 30, 1964, nine days before John Coltrane would record A Love Supreme in the same room, late tenor saxophonist Joe Henderson brought two-thirds of Coltrane's rhythm section (and bassist Bob Cranshaw) into Rudy Van Gelder's New Jersey studio and recorded an under-recognized masterpiece. 
  4. ^ James Beaudreau. "Review at Allmusic". Retrieved 2007-07-29. He is joined on Inner Urge by veterans of other combos: McCoy Tyner and Elvin Jones from John Coltrane's unit and Sonny Rollins sideman Bob Cranshaw 
  5. ^ Cook, Richard; Brian Morton (2006) [1992]. The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings. The Penguin Guide to Jazz (8th ed. ed.). New York: Penguin. p. p. 627. ISBN 0-14-102327-9. 
  6. ^ Original liner notes by Nat Hentoff