Internal iliac vein

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Vein: Internal iliac vein
The veins of the right half of the male pelvis.
The iliac veins. (Int. iliac visible at center.)
Latin Vena iliaca interna,
vena hypogastrica
Gray's p.673
Artery Internal iliac artery

The internal iliac vein (hypogastric vein) begins near the upper part of the greater sciatic foramen, passes upward behind and slightly medial to the Internal iliac artery and, at the brim of the pelvis, joins with the external iliac vein to form the common iliac vein.


With the exception of the fetal umbilical vein which passes upward and backward from the umbilicus to the liver, and the iliolumbar vein which usually joins the common iliac vein, the tributaries of the Internal Iliac vein correspond with the branches of the Internal iliac artery.

Receives Description
superior gluteal veins
inferior gluteal veins
internal pudendal veins
obturator veins
have their origins outside the pelvis;
lateral sacral veins lie in front of the sacrum
middle hemorrhoidal vein
vesical vein
uterine vein
vaginal veins
originate in venous plexuses connected with the pelvic viscera.

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This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.