Iris Recognition Immigration System
Iris Recognition Immigration System (IRIS) was an initiative, launched in 2004, to provide automated clearance through UK immigration for certain frequent travellers. It was decommissioned in September 2013 in favour of e-passport entry using biometric data stored on the e-passport chip.
IRIS relied on biometric technology to authenticate identity and was part of the e-borders initiative of the UK Government. It was claimed that the system suffered from unacceptably high rate of false alerts, wrongly rejecting up to 10% of registered travellers.
The system cost about £4.9 million to develop and then about £4 million to operate.
Enrolled passengers could enter the UK through a special automated immigration control barrier incorporating an iris recognition camera. These barriers were located in certain Immigration Arrival Halls and form part of Immigration and Passport Control.
Enrolment took place in the airport departure lounge where an Immigration Officer assesses eligibility and enrols qualifying persons. Those who qualified to participate in the scheme had both their eyes photographed in order to capture their iris patterns. This data was then stored securely alongside their personal details.
Originally IRIS was rolled out at London Heathrow, London Gatwick, Birmingham and Manchester. As of February 2013, IRIS was only available at Heathrow Terminals 3 and 5, all other barriers being decommissioned. These last operational barriers were decommissioned on 15 and 16 September 2013, respectively.
Following travellers were eligible to enrol:
- Persons over 18 years of age
- British citizens or people with a right of abode in the UK, or nationals of an EEA State or Swiss nationals
- Permanent residents of the United Kingdom (e.g. Indefinite Leave to Remain)
- Valid entry clearance holders (Visa holders) with at least 2 months of validity left on the entry clearance
- Short term visitors entering the United Kingdom (not needing visas) who were granted entry as a visitor on at least two occasions in the last six months, or four occasions in the last 12 months
- Exempt from UK Immigration controls or permitted to enter or remain in the UK for more than six months and have more than two months left of that permission
- Families of EEA state or Swiss nationals based in the UK or exempt from immigration controls and based in the UK
- ePassport gates (another type of automated self-service barriers used by the UK Border Force at a number of airports)
Notes and references
- "£9million iris recognition scheme introduced to slash queues at airports is scrapped". Daily Mail. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- "Eye scanners at England airports turned off". BBC. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- UKBA. "Using IRIS to enter the UK". Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- "Iris recognition immigration system (IRIS)". UK Border Agency. Retrieved 5 April 2014.