James B. Torrance (3 February 1923 – 15 November 2003) was Professor of Systematic Theology, University of Aberdeen. He was a younger brother to Thomas F. Torrance and father of Alan Torrance. He gave the 1994 Didsbury Lectures (published as Worship, Community and the Triune God of Grace), and the 2001 Warfield Lectures at Princeton (forthcoming).
James Torrance was educated in Edinburgh, receiving First class degrees in Philosophy (for which he was also awarded Senior Medals in moral philosophy, logic and metaphysics) and Theology. Following this he continued his studies in Marburg and Basel, where he studied with Karl Barth, and then continued research in Oxford.
Professor Torrance took a special interest in international politics, being a staunch opponent of Apartheid, and engaging directly with President F. W. de Klerk. He also engaged with Gerry Adams.