Jabal al-Druze

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Jabal al-Druze (Arabic: جبل الدروز‎, Mountain of the Druze), officially Jabal al-Arab (Arabic: جبل العرب, Mountain of the Arabs) is an elevated volcanic region in southern Syria, in the As-Suwayda Governorate. Most of the inhabitants of this region are Arab Druze, and there are also small Muslim and Christian communities. Safaitic inscriptions were first found in this area. It was an autonomous state in the French Mandate of Syria from 1921 to 1936, under the same name. In the past, the name Jabal al-Druze was used for a different area, located in Mount Lebanon.

Geology[edit]

Map of Jabal al-Druze

The Jabal al-Druze volcanic field, the southernmost in Syria, lies in the Haurun-Druze Plateau in SW Syria near the border with Jordan. The most prominent feature of this volcanic field is 1800m-high Jabal al-Druze (also known variously as Jabal ad Duruz, Djebel Al-Arab, Jabal Druze, Djebel ed Drouz). The alkaline volcanic field consists of a group of 118 basaltic volcanoes active from the lower-Pleistocene to the Holocene. The large SW Plateau depression is filled by basaltic lava flows from volcanoes aligned in a NW-SE direction. This volcanic field lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shamah (also known as Harrat Ash Shaam) volcanic field that extends from southern Syria to Saudi Arabia.

Peaks[edit]

Tell Qeni (1803 m) is the highest point of Jabal al-Druze.
  • Tell Qeni (1803) m.
  • Tell Joualine (1732) m.
  • Tell Sleiman (1703) m.
  • Tell Qleib (1698) m.
  • Tell Abou-Hamra (1482) m.
  • Tell El-Ahmar (1452) m.
  • Tell Abed-Mar (1436) m.
  • Tell Khodr-Imtan (1341) m.
  • Tell Azran (1220) m.
  • Tell Shihan (1138) m.

In Arabic, the word "tell" means "hill" but in Jabal al-Druze, "tell" rather refers to a volcanic cone.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 32°40′N 36°44′E / 32.667°N 36.733°E / 32.667; 36.733