Jakob Eduard Polak

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Jakob Eduard Polak

Jakob Eduard Polak (12 November 1818 in Mořina; † 8 October 1891 in Vienna) was an Austrian physician, born to a Jewish family from Bohemia, who played an important role in introducing modern medicine in Iran.[1]

Live[edit]

Polak studied Medicine in Prague and Vienna. He was one of the six Austrian teachers invited by Amir Kabir, the Persian chief minister, as the instructors of Dar ul-Funun, the first modern higher education institution in Iran. By his own account, he entered Iran on 24 November 1851, before the inauguration of the Dal al-fonun.

From 1851 to 1860, he taught medicine at Dar al-fonun. In the beginning, he taught in French and used a translator. Soon, the incompetence of the translators motivated him to learn Persian. He learned Persian in six months, and then taught his course in Persian.From 1855 to 1860, he served as personal physician of Naser-al-din Shah.[2]

In 1885, he funded Otto Stapf, a Viennese Botanist, to undertake a botanical expedition to South- and Western Persia.[3] This led to the discovery of numerous new species of plants.

Works[edit]

Polak published his Persian experiences in: "Persien, das Land und seine Bewohner; Ethnograpische Schilderungen" (Leipzig, Brockhaus 1865), which belongs to the outstanding ethnographic works about 19th-century Iran.[4]

His other works include:

  • Bimari i vaba (Tehran: Nast’aliq, 1269).
  • “La médicine militaire en Perse. Par le docteur J. E. Polak, ancien médecin particulier du schah de Perse,” Revue scientifique et administrative des médecins des armées de terre et de mer 7, 1865
  • Topographische Bemerkungen zur Karte der Umgebung und zu dem Plane von Teheran. Mittheilungen der K.K. Geographischen Gesellschaft 20. Wien, L. C. Zamarski, k.k. Hof- Buchdruckereir und Hof-Lithographie 1877.
  • Beitrag zu den agrarischen Verhältnissen in Persien. Mittheilungen der K.K. Geographischen Gesellschaft 6, 1863, 107-143.
  • Farben der persischen Teppiche. In: Katalog der Ausstellung orientalischer Teppiche im K.K. Österreichischen Handelsmuseum, Vienna, 1891, 44-49.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "POLAK, Jakob Eduard" Encyclopaedia Iranica
  2. ^ "Ekhtiar, Maryam, 1994, "The Dar al-Funun: Educational reform and cultural development in Qajar Iran", Ph.D Dissertation, New York University, USA."
  3. ^ Franz Speta 2000, Warum Otto STAPF (1857-1933) Wien verlassen hat. Phyton (Horn, Austria) 40/1, 89-113, http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/PHY_40_1_0089-0113.pdf
  4. ^ [1]

External links[edit]