|Jane Dormer, Duchess of Feria|
Portrait thought to be of Jane Dormer, by Antonis Mor
|Spouse(s)||Gómez Suárez de Figueroa y Córdoba, 1st Duke of Feria|
|Father||Sir William Dormer|
|Born||6 January 1538
|Died||13 January 1612|
|Buried||Monastery of Santa Clara, Zafra, Extremadura, Spain|
Jane Dormer, Duchess of Feria (6 January 1538 – 13 January 1612) was an English lady-in-waiting to Mary I who, after the Queen's death, married Gómez Suárez de Figueroa y Córdoba, 1st Duke of Feria and went to live in Spain.
Jane Dormer, born at Eythrope near Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire. on 6 January 1538, was the daughter of Sir William Dormer (d. 17 May 1575) of Wing, Buckinghamshire, by his first wife, Mary Sidney (died 10 February 1542), the daughter of Sir William Sidney of Penshurst, Kent, and Anne Pakenham. She had two brothers, Thomas Dormer and Robert Dormer, and a sister, Anne Dormer, who married Sir Walter Hungerford. She was the granddaughter of Sir Robert Dormer (died 2 or 8 July 1552) and Jane Newdigate, the daughter of John Newdigate (d. 15 August 1528), esquire, of Harefield, Middlesex, by Amphyllis Neville (d. 15 July 1544). Jane Newdigate's brother was the martyr, Sebastian Newdigate.
Jane Dormer was born during the reign of Henry VIII, when her family was split by the religious controversy caused by the on-going Reformation. On the one side, her father Sir William Dormer's family (moderately prosperous Buckinghamshire landowners and wool merchants) remained staunchly Roman Catholic. However, her mother Mary Sidney's family embraced the new religion of Protestantism. Jane was raised broadly outside this latter influence from the death of her mother in 1542, but she spent her youth not only in the household of her paternal grandmother but also as a playmate of the young Edward VI, who, she wrote in her memoirs, was very fond of her and reportedly said after having beaten her at cards, "Now your king is gone Jane, I shall be good enough for you".
Jane's faith and royal connections would take her to the heart of power. Despite an age gap of over 20 years and at the age of just 16, Jane became one of Queen Mary I's closest friends and confidantes. Queen Mary was reluctant to see her married, so she could stay at court. Edward Courtenay showed interest, amongst others, but Mary deemed him unworthy.
In the end she made her own Spanish match by marrying Don Gomez Suarez de Figueroa of Cordova, Duke of Feria, a close confidante of Philip II of Spain and his first ambassador to Elizabeth I's court.[a] Jane and Don Gomez had first met on King Philip's arrival in England in 1554; Mary had strongly encouraged the match, but it had been postponed to await Philip's return to the country after campaigns abroad. This never occurred, and the two were not married until after Mary's death in 1558. The union produced two sons: Lorenzo (born in 1559), who succeeded his father as Duke of Feria, and Pedro (born in 1565; lived only three months).
Feria was quick to perceive how Elizabeth's accession would change the religious tide in England and, despite his formal role as Spanish ambassador, refused to attend Elizabeth's coronation in a public rejection of expected Protestant elements in the service. When he was replaced in 1559, he and Jane returned to the continent with a mixed retinue of monks and nuns and, Susan Clarencieux (another of Mary's former ladies-in-waiting).
Once in Spain Jane became a lightning rod for exiled English Catholics. Jane kept up her correspondence with Elizabeth, but she also received letters from four popes and maintained numerous other contacts sympathetic to the Roman Catholic cause in England, and within Spain she was a champion of exiled English fallen on hard times. On her husband's death in 1571 she took over the management of his estates. In 1592 she was a strong candidate to take up the governorship of Flanders.
Her health never recovered from an accident in 1609, and she was bedridden from the start of 1611 – planning ahead she had already prepared a coffin which she kept in the house. At her death on 13 January 1612, she was attended by seven priests. She was buried at the monastery of Santa Clara in Zafra on 26 January.
Jane Dormer is a prominent character in Philippa Gregory's historical fiction The Queen's Fool, which emphasises her role as a close personal friend and a completely devoted and loyal follower of Queen Mary I, both before Mary's accession to the throne and throughout the ups and downs of her reign. The book depicts Jane Dormer as having a dour character, vindictive towards the Queen's enemies even when Mary herself was inclined to show them clemency. Jane also appears briefly in Gregory's sequel The Virgin's Lover. She appears as a supporting character in the fifth instalment of Dorothy Dunnett's Lymond Chronicles, The Ringed Castle.
- Note: "Don", in this article, is used as a title, as in "Sir". It is not a first name, and is ordinarily written as "D" or "don"--i.e., D. Gomez Suarez de Figueroa y Cordova, Duke of Feria. Gomez was the Duke's first name. Gomez may also be a surname.
- Clifford, Henry (1887). The Life of Jane Dormer, Duchess of Feria. London: Burns and Oates.
- Dale, M.K. (1982). "Dormer, Robert (1485/6-1552), of West Wycombe and Wing, Bucks. and London". In Bindoff, S.T. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509–1558. Boydell and Brewer.
- Dale, M.K. (1982a). "Dormer, William (by 1514–75), of Eythrope in Waddesdon, Bucks.". In Bindoff, S.T. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509–1558. Boydell and Brewer.
- Fuidge, N. M. (1981). "Dormer, Sir William (by 1514–75), of Wing, Bucks". In Hasler, P.W. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558–1603. Boydell and Brewer.
- Loades, David (October 2006). "Tonge, Susan (b. before 1510, d. in or after 1564)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/94978. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X.
- Rodriguez-Salgado, M.J. (2004). "Suárez de Figueroa [Dormer], Jane, duchess of Feria in the Spanish nobility (1538–1612)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7836. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Rylands, W. Harry (1909). The Visitation of the County of Buckingham. LVIII. London: Harleian Society. pp. 40–2. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Vian, Alsager Richard (1888). "Dormer, Jane". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 15. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 245–247.
- Weir, Alison (1996). Children of England: The Heirs of King Henry VIII. p. 154.[verification needed]
- Bowler, Gerald (2003). "Dormer, Jane (1538–1612)". In Hartley, Cathy. A historical dictionary of British women (2 ed.). Routledge. p. 138. ISBN 1-85743-228-2.