15 May 1953 |
|Education||Cranborne Chase School, Wiltshire
St Hugh's College, Oxford
Nuffield College, Oxford
|Occupation||Professor of Modern History, biographer, author|
|Employer||University of Buckingham|
Born in Northumberland in the north east of England on 15 May 1953, Ridley is the eldest daughter of the former Conservative Cabinet minister Nicholas Ridley (1929–1993) and a granddaughter of Matthew Ridley, 3rd Viscount Ridley, by his marriage to Ursula Lutyens. Her father married Clayre Campbell (born 1927), a daughter of Alistair Campbell, 4th Baron Stratheden and Campbell. They had three daughters, Jane (1953), Susanna (1955), and Jessica (1957), and were divorced in 1974. Her great-grandmother Lady Emily Bulwer-Lytton (1874–1964), who dismayed her parents by marrying the architect Lutyens, was a daughter of the Earl of Lytton, Viceroy of India in the 1870s. His parents were the novelists Edward and Rosina Bulwer Lytton. Her cousins include the economist Sir Adam Ridley.
Ridley was educated at Cranborne Chase School, an independent boarding school for girls, since closed, then occupying New Wardour Castle, near the village of Tisbury in Wiltshire, and later at St Hugh's College, Oxford, as an Exhibitioner in History. She took a first class honours degree in 1974, then was a research student at Nuffield College until 1978, graduating D. Phil. in 1985 with a thesis entitled Leadership and Management in the Conservative Party in Parliament 1906–1914.
Academic career and work
In 1979, Ridley was appointed a lecturer in history at the University of Buckingham, where she was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 1994, to Reader in 2002, to Senior Tutor responsible for student discipline the next year, and finally to Professor in 2007. At Buckingham she continues to serve as Senior Tutor and to teach history and has been in charge of the university's Master of Arts course in biography since establishing it in 1996. This was the first such postgraduate course.
Ridley's first book was The Letters of Edwin Lutyens (1985), a collection of her great-grandfather's letters, edited jointly with her mother, Clayre Percy. She combined social history with her sport of fox hunting to produce Fox hunting: a history (1990), which begins with the words "Fox hunting isn't strictly necessary."
In 1995, Ridley's The Young Disraeli was published, dealing with Benjamin Disraeli's early years. She disputes that he should be considered the father of one-nation conservatism, writing that "Disraeli didn't use the expression and nor did he want to create a classless society... The legend of Disraeli was created largely by the Conservative party, which needed a hero on whom to pin its ideas about making the party electable in a democracy."
Ridley's biography of Lutyens, The Architect and his Wife, won the Duff Cooper Prize for 2002.
In 2008, Ridley was given a Leverhulme Research Fellowship to work on her biography of King Edward VII, and this was finally published as Bertie: A Life of Edward VII in 2012. In reviewing the work for The Spectator, A. N. Wilson called it "profoundly learned and a cracking good read" and gave his opinion that "After this irreverent new life of Edward VII, royal biography will never be the same again."
In 1986, Ridley married Stephen Francis Thomas, a writer, the younger son of Sir William James Cooper Thomas, 2nd Baronet, by his marriage to Freida Dunbar Whyte. They have two sons, Toby (born 1988) and Humphrey (born 1991). 
- The letters of Edwin Lutyens to his wife Lady Emily, ed. with Clayre Percy (Collins, 1985)
- Fox Hunting: a history (Collins, 1990)
- The Letters of Arthur Balfour and Lady Elcho, ed. with Clayre Percy (Hamish Hamilton, 1992)
- The Young Disraeli (London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1995)
- The Architect and his Wife: a life of Edwin Lutyens (Chatto & Windus, 2002)
- Bertie: A Life of Edward VII (London: Chatto & Windus, 2012)
- The Heir Apparent: A Life of Edward VII, the Playboy Prince (New York: Random House, 2012)
- Queen Victoria: a short life (Penguin, 2014)
- contributions to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Patrick Cosgrave, 'Ridley, Nicholas, Baron Ridley of Liddesdale (1929–1993)', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004); online edition, accessed 6 March 2014 (subscription site)
- Michael Barker, Sir Edwin Lutyens (2005), pp. 12–13
- L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages with Genealogies and Arms (London: Heraldry Today, 1972), p. 16
- Cranborne Chase School Register, 1967 (Cranborne Chase School, Autumn 1967)
- Professor Jane Ridley at buckingham.ac.uk, accessed 6 March 2014
- Sally Cline, Carole Angier, Life Writing: A Writers' and Artists' Companion (2013), p. xv
- Andrew Hopkins, Gavin Stamp, Lutyens Abroad: The Work of Sir Edwin Lutyens Outside the British Isles (The British Academy, 2002, ISBN 0904152375), p. 183: "Jane Ridley is Senior Lecturer in history at Buckingham University and a great-granddaughter of Lutyens. She published The Letters of Edwin Lutyens (1985), which she co-edited with her mother Clayre Percy..."
- Andrew Linzey, Why Animal Suffering Matters: Philosophy, Theology, and Practical Ethics (Oxford University Press, 2009, ISBN 0195379772), p. 94: "Jane Ridley, herself a hunter, in her notable social history titled Fox Hunting, begins her first page with the words "Fox hunting isn't strictly necessary."
- Debunking the Dizzy legend in The Tablet dated 17th August 2013, p. 19, online at thetablet.co.uk, accessed 7 March 2014
- Past Winners at theduffcooperprize.org, accessed 6 March 2014
- A. N. Wilson, Bertie: A Life of Edward VII, by Jane Ridley dated 18 August 2012 at spectator.co.uk, accessed 7 March 2012
- Jane Ridley at ThePeerage.com, which cites Charles Mosley, ed., Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, vol. 3 (2003), p. 3,883; accessed 9 March 2014
- Ridley, Jane 1953– at encyclopedia.com, accessed 6 March 2014