Jaraguá do Sul

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Jaraguá do Sul
View of the city from Morro da Boa Vista
View of the city from Morro da Boa Vista
Flag of Jaraguá do Sul
Flag
Official seal of Jaraguá do Sul
Seal
Jaraguá do Sul is located in Brazil
Jaraguá do Sul
Jaraguá do Sul
Coordinates: 26°29′S 49°04′W / 26.483°S 49.067°W / -26.483; -49.067Coordinates: 26°29′S 49°04′W / 26.483°S 49.067°W / -26.483; -49.067
Country Brazil Brazil
Region South
State Santa Catarina
Founded July 25, 1876
Government
 • Mayor Dieter Janssen (PP)
Area
 • Total 532.590 km2 (205.634 sq mi)
Elevation 30 m (100 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 148,353
 • Density 278.55/km2 (721.4/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Website Prefeitura Municipal de Jaraguá do Sul
HDI (2006) 0.850 – high

Jaraguá do Sul (26°29′10″S 49°04′00″W / 26.48611°S 49.06667°W / -26.48611; -49.06667) is a city located in the north of the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina.

History[edit]

The city was founded on July 25, 1876 by engineer and Brazilian Army colonel Emílio Carlos Jourdan and his family. The city was originally named just Jaraguá, but it was later renamed to Jaraguá do Sul due to a city already named Jaraguá in Goiás state.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Jaraguá means Lord of the Valley in a Tupi–Guarani language. It was the name given by the indigenous population of the city to the Boa Vista Hill (Morro da Boa Vista).

Geography[edit]

It borders Campo Alegre and São Bento do Sul to the north; Blumenau, Massaranduba, Pomerode and Rio dos Cedros to the south; Guaramirim, Joinville and Schroeder to the east and Corupá to the west.

The Itapocu River is Jaraguá do Sul's important river, crossing the city, being Jaraguá River and Itapocuzinho River its main affluents.

The climate is considered temperate, with average annual temperature around 21 °C. In summer temperatures often exceed 35 °C, although they may reach 40 °C in a few days. The winter is relatively cold for Brazilian standards, with an average minimum temperature around 12 °C in the months of June and July. Frosts occur almost every winter. Zero temperatures are rare, and that mark was reached most recently on July 14, 2000. The lowest temperature occurred on July 19, 1975, when thermometers recorded −2 °C. The highest temperature ever recorded was 42.5 °C on January 3, 1973.

Sports[edit]

Malwee/Jaraguá, formerly known as Associação Desportiva Jaraguá, is a successful futsal club, which have won the national league twice. In 2007, the city's arena, named Arena Jaraguá, hosted the final matches of the Grand Prix de Futsal.[2]

The city's football (soccer) club is Grêmio Esportivo Juventus. The retired goalkeeper Eduardo Roberto Stinghen, nicknamed Ado, was born in the city in 1946. Also, Filipe Luís, currently playing for Chelsea, was born in the city.

Industry[edit]

The local economy is mainly based in metallurgy and clothing industries. The city was the origin for several worldwide companies, like WEG (electric engines and industrial electronics), Marisol (clothing), Duas Rodas (food seasoning), Malwee (clothing), Menegotti (construction equipment) and many others. The city is the 3rd largest economy of the state.

FEMUSC[edit]

Jaragua do Sul is home to the Festival de Musica de Santa Catarina which was created by Alex Klein. The festival is held in late January and attracts students and faculty from all over the world. The program involves faculty and students recitals, orchestral and band performances, lessons and masterclasses.

Schützenfest[edit]

The Schützenfest (also known in Brazil as Festa dos Atiradores) is a traditional festival held annually since 1988, celebrated in October in Jaraguá do Sul. It is part of the popular festivals celebrated in that month in Santa Catarina state due to the German colonization in the region.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The first inhabitants of the city were the indigenous people of the Xokleng and the Kaingang.[4] Later the following ethnic groups immigrated to the city: Germans, Hungarians, Italians, Poles, and Africans, which were brought to the city as slaves.[5]

Population growth[edit]

Bairros[edit]

Bairros in Jaraguá do Sul.:[6]

Bairros Localities Tifas and villages
  • Água Verde
  • Águas Claras
  • Amizade
  • Baependi
  • Barra do Rio Cero
  • Barra do Rio Molha
  • Boa Vista
  • Braço Ribeirão Cavalo
  • Centenário
  • Centro
  • Chica de Pau
  • Czerniewicz
  • Do Molha
  • Estrada Velha
  • Ilha da Figueira
  • Jaraguá 104
  • Jaraguá 99
  • Jaraguá Esquerdo
  • João Pessoa
  • Nereu Ramos
  • Nova Brasília
  • Parque Malwee
  • Rau
  • Ribeirão Cavalo
  • Rio Cerro I
  • Rio Cedro II
  • Rio da Luz
  • Santa Luiza
  • Santo Antônio
  • Santo Luís
  • Tifa Martins
  • Tifa Monges
  • Três Rios do Norte
  • Três Rios do Sul
  • Vieira
  • Vila Lalau
  • Vila Lenzi
  • Vila Nova
  • Alto Garibaldi (São Pedro)
  • Cacilda
  • Garibaldi
  • Grota Funda
  • Jaraguá 84
  • Jaraguazinho
  • Ribeirão Grande da Luz
  • Ribeirão Aurora
  • Ribeirão Manso
  • Rio da Luz II
  • Rio da Luz Vitória
  • Rio Molha
  • Ribeirão Grande do Norte
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santo Estevão
  • Vila Chartres (São João)
  • Canudos
  • Saibreira
  • Tifa Alice
  • Tifa Pedida
  • Tifa Aurora
  • Tifa Bape
  • Tifa Blank
  • Tifa da Prata
  • Tifa dos Húngaros
  • Tifa Funil
  • Tifa Guenther
  • Tifa Jararaca
  • Tifa Javali
  • Tifa Lessmann
  • Tifa Macuco
  • Tifa Mathias
  • Tifa Rio Alma
  • Tifa Tabagarra
  • Tifa União
  • Vila Machado de Assis

References[edit]

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the Portuguese Wikipedia.