Jawbat Burghal

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Jawbat Burghal
جوبة برغال
Town
Jawbat Burghal is located in Syria
Jawbat Burghal
Jawbat Burghal
Coordinates: 35°29′19″N 36°10′36″E / 35.48861°N 36.17667°E / 35.48861; 36.17667
Country  Syria
Governorate Latakia Governorate
District Qardaha District
Nahiyah Jawbat Burghal
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • Total 959
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Jawbat Burghal (Arabic: جوبة برغال‎) is a town in northwestern Syria, administratively part of the Latakia Governorate, located east of Latakia in an-Nusayriyah Mountains. Nearby localities include Qardaha, al-Fakhurah, Istamo and Shatha. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Jawbat Burghal had a population of 959 in the 2004 census.[1]

The village was the birthplace and base of the controversial Syrian religious leader, Sulayman al-Murshid. Al-Murshid was encouraged by the French mandate authorities to establish a new sect, and made Jawbat Burghal his base where he became a proponent of Alawite independence. He acquired livestock from his followers and built a western villa in the town. After Syria's independence, however, the central Syrian government in Damascus cracked down on separatist movements including Murshid's. He surrendered to the authorities after a short confrontation with Syrian Army units at his headquarters. Sulayman al-Murshid was executed in a public square in Damascus for treason in November 1946.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Latakia Governorate. (Arabic)
  2. ^ Seale, Patrick (1990). Asad: The Struggle for the Middle East. University of California Press. p. 21. ISBN 9780520069763.