Dümichen was born near Glogau. He studied philology and theology in Berlin and Breslau. Subsequently he became a pupil of Karl Lepsius and Heinrich Brugsch, and devoted himself to the study of Egyptian inscriptions. He travelled widely in Egypt, and published his results in a number of important books.
He was deputed by the Prussian government to explore the Nile Valley in 1862 and 1868. He also accompanied the Prussian Crown Prince to Egypt on the occasion of the opening of the Suez Canal. In 1872 he was chosen professor of Egyptology at Strasbourg, where a new chair was created to compete with the famous chair of Egyptology at the Collège de France.
The value of his work consists not only in the stores of material which he collected, but also in the success with which he dealt with many of the problems raised by the inscriptions. Among his works are Bauurkunde des Tempels von Dendera (1865); Geographische Inschriften altägyptischer Denkmähler (4 vols., 1865 1885); Altägyptische Kalenderinschriften (1866); Altägypt. Tempelinschriften (2 vols., 1867); Historische Inschriften altägypt. Denkmäler (2 vols., 1867-1869); Baugeschichte und Beschreibung (1878); Die kalendarischen Opferfestlisten von Medinet-Habu (1881); Geschichte des alten Aegypten (1878-1883); and Der Grabpalast des Patuamenap in der thebanischen Nekropolis (1884-1894).
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2014)|
- Fr. COLIN, « Comment la création d’une ‘bibliothèque de papyrus’ à Strasbourg compensa la perte des manuscrits précieux brûlés dans le siège de 1870 », La revue de la BNU, 2, 2010, p. 24-47.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dümichen, Johannes". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press