John Fawcett (theologian)

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John Fawcett in 1814.

John Fawcett (6 January 1739 – 25 July 1817) was a British-born Baptist theologian, pastor and hymn writer.

Early years[edit]

Fawcett was born on 6 January 1739 in Lidget Green, Bradford.[1] In 1762, Fawcett joined the Methodists, but three years later,[2] he united with the Baptist Church and became pastor of Wainsgate Baptist Church in Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire, England.

Tie That Binds[edit]

Fawcett served for seven years, despite a small income and a growing family.[citation needed] It seemed only practical that he move to a church that paid a larger salary. When he received a call in 1772 to the large and influential Carter's Lane Baptist Church in London[2] he planned to accept the call. But at the last minute he changed his mind, and remained at Wainsgate where his salary was £25 a year. To commemorate this event he later wrote the words to "Blest Be the Tie that Binds",[3] possibly his most famous hymn.

In 1777 a new chapel was built for him at Hebden Bridge, and about the same time he opened a school at Breasley Hall, his place of residence. In 1793 he was invited to become President of the Baptist Academy at Bristol, but declined. In 1811 he received a Doctor of Divinity from America.

1912 plaque commemorating Fawcett, located in the New Testament Church of God in Bradford. According to the plaque, Fawcett was born on 6 January 1739 in Lidget Green, Bradford.

Fawcette died in 1817 at the age of 77.

Publications[edit]

Fawcett was the author of a number of religious prose works, several of which attained a large circulation. His poetic publications are:

  • Poetic Essays, 1767.
  • The Christian's Humble Plea; a poem in answer to Dr. Priestly against the Divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, 1772.
  • Three hymns in the Gospel Magazine, 1777.
  • The Death of Euminio, A Divine Poem, 1779.
  • Another Poem suggested by the decease of a friend, "The Reign of Death", 1780
  • Hymns adapted to the circumstances of Public Worship and Private Devotion, Leeds, G. Wright and Son 1782.

One of Fawcett's hymns, "Humble souls who seek salvation" with the heading, "Invitation to follow the Lamb", Matt 3:15) had the following note: "The author lays claim to this hymn, 'tho it has appeared under another name: he hopes that the insertion of it, and the following, (Ye saints with one accord) will give no offence to those of his friends who are differently minded, as to the subject to which they refer. Obviously someone's name had been wrongly given as the author of the hymn."

Fawcett's hymn in 'Spiritual Songs' is no. 267, "All fulness resides in Jesus our Head". The original text of this hymn is in Baptist Psalms and Hymns, 1858–80) The first line is "A Fulness resides in Jesus our Head" and is rendered in this way in George Vicesimus Wigram's 1856 Little Flock Hymnbook, and in J.N.D's 1881 edition; also in William Kelly's 1894 edition. T. H. Reynolds and W. J. Hocking's editions have "All fulness resides etc."

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hymn Writers of the Church - Fawcett, John". Christian Classics Ethereal Library. Calvin College. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  2. ^ a b Terry, Lindsay (March–April 2008), "Blest Be the Tie That Binds", Christianity Today (Christianity Today International), archived from the original on 2009-02-13  Taken from The Sacrifice of Praise: Stories Behind the Greatest Praise and Worship Songs of All Time
  3. ^ Curtis Honts (ed.), Life Truths, Winter 2009, LifeWay Christian Resources, Nashville, TN, p. 106, ISSN 1557-4768