John H. Walton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from John H. Walton (theologian))
Jump to: navigation, search
John H. Walton
Nationality United States of America
Education Ph.D., Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, M.A. Biblical Studies: Old Testament, Wheaton Graduate School
Occupation Professor of Old Testament at Wheaton College
Religion Christian

John H. Walton is a professor of Old Testament at Wheaton College. He formerly was a professor at Moody Bible Institute for 20 years.[1] His primary focus is in areas of comparison between the Old Testament and the Ancient Near East, particularly Genesis. He espouses a view of creation that resonates with ancient Near Eastern mindsets, much like a temple dedication ceremony, and not a strictly material account of cosmological origins. He uses a restaurant as an analogy, arguing that a restaurant does not begin to exist when the material building is completed, but when the owner declares the restaurant open for business[2] His interpretation has drawn criticism, particularly from Christian philosopher William Lane Craig. Craig argues that Walton creates a false dilemma, failing to distinguish between efficient causation and material causation. "When God, for example, creates disaster, he is clearly the efficient cause of the disaster even though disaster is not a material object and therefore has no material cause. Walton is confused by his own terminology to think that because disaster doesn’t have a material cause, therefore, it can’t be an example of material creation."[3]



  • The Lost World of Scripture: Ancient Literary Culture and Biblical Authority (with: D. Brent Sandy, IVP, 2013)
  • Genesis 1 as Ancient Cosmology (Eisenbrauns, 2011)
  • The Lost World of Genesis One: Ancient Cosmology and the Origins Debate (IVP, 2009)
  • Jonah (Expositor's Bible Commentary, Zondervan: 2008)
  • Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament (Baker: 2006)
  • Essential Bible Companion (Zondervan: 2006)
  • Old Testament Today (Zondervan: 2004)
  • Genesis (NIV Application Commentary, Zondervan: 2001)
  • Ancient Israelite Literature in its Cultural Context, A Survey of Parallels Between Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Texts (Zondervan: 1989)


  • "The Anzu Myth as relevant Background for Daniel 7?" The Book of Daniel: Composition and Reception, Vetus Testament Supplement, FIOTL 2, ed. John Collins and Peter Flint (Brill, 2000)
  • "Recovering the Vitality of the Old Testament in Preaching" (2001) 17.
  • "Equilibrium and the Sacred Compass: The Structure of Leviticus" Bulletin for Biblical Research 11.2 (2001) 1-12.
  • “Inspired Subjectivity and Hermeneutical Objectivity” The Master’s Seminary Journal 13/1 (2002) 65-77.
  • “The Imagery of the Substitute King Ritual in Isaiah’s Fourth Servant Song” Journal of Biblical Literature 122 (2003) 734-743.
  • “Creation in Genesis 1:1 - 2:3 and the Ancient Near East: Order out of Disorder after Chaoskampf,” Calvin Theological Journal 43 (2008): 48-63.


  1. ^
  2. ^ “Creation in Genesis 1:1 - 2:3 and the Ancient Near East: Order out of Disorder after Chaoskampf,” Calvin Theological Journal 43 (2008): 61-63.
  3. ^ Craig, William. "Doctrine of Creation, Part 7". Defenders. Reasonable Faith. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 

External links[edit]