John I, Count of Holland

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John I
Jean Ier de Hollande.png
John I as imagined in the 16th century
Count of Holland
Reign Count of Holland: 1296–1299
Predecessor Floris V
Successor John II
Spouse Elizabeth of England
House House of Holland
Father Floris V, Count of Holland
Mother Beatrice of Flanders
Born 1284
Died 10 November 1299(1299-11-10)
Haarlem
Coat of arms of Holland
Holland, penny or 'kopje' with portrait of John I, Count of Holland.

John I (1284 – 10 November 1299) was Count of Holland and son of Count Floris V. John inherited the county in 1296 after the murder of his father.

Shortly after his birth, after negotiations between Floris and King Edward I of England in April 1285, he was betrothed to Elizabeth, a daughter of Edward and Eleanor of Castile. Soon after this the infant John was sent to England to be raised and educated there at Edward's court. In 1296, after the murder of John's father Count Floris V, King Edward invited a number of nobles from Holland with English sympathies, amongst whom were John III, Lord of Renesse, and Wolfert I van Borselen. On 7 January 1297 John married Edward's daughter Elizabeth at Ipswich. Soon after this, he was allowed to return to Holland, although being made to promise to heed the council of Renesse and Borselen. Elizabeth was expected to go to Holland with her husband, but did not wish to go, leaving her husband to go alone. After some delay and spending Christmas 1297 with part of her family in Ghent, Elizabeth did join her husband in Holland in 1298.

At first Renesse acted as regent, but on 30 April 1297, John had appointed Wolfert van Borselen regent in his stead, until his fifteenth birthday. As regent, Wolfert van Borselen, pursued a policy of neutrality towards Flanders and England. He came into conflict with the city of Dordrecht and was killed there by a mob on 30 August 1299. After this Count John II of the house of Avesnes took over the regency, for a few months. Count John I of Holland died at Haarlem in the same year, on 10 November, childless and only fifteen years old, reportedly of dysentery, but there were suspicions he was murdered.

With his death without descendants, and all his siblings having died young, the heirs to the county of Holland were his father's cousins of Hainaut, sons of John's grandaunt Adelaide of Holland. From this time to the extinction of Hainaut as an independent county, Holland was in personal union with Hainaut.

Three years after John's death, his young widow remarried to Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford.




Ancestors[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William I, Count of Holland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Floris IV, Count of Holland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adelaide of Guelders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William II, Count of Holland and King of Germany
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry I, Duke of Brabant
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Matilde of Brabant
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mathilde of Boulogne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Floris V, Count of Holland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William of Winchester, Lord of Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Helena of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Matilda of Brandenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mathilde of Landsberg (Wettin)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John, Count of Holland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Guy II of Dampierre
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William II, Lord of Dampierre
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mathilde of Bourbon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Guy, Count of Flanders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders, Emperor of Constantinople
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Margaret II, Countess of Flanders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marie of Champagne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beatrice of Flanders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William II, Lord of Béthune
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Robert VII, Lord of Béthune
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mathilda of Dendermonde
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Matilda of Béthune
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arnold, Lord of Morialmez
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elisabeth of Morialmez
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jeanne of Bailleul
 
 
 
 
 
 

External links and sources[edit]

See also[edit]

John I, Count of Holland
Born: 1284 Died: 10 November 1299
Preceded by
Floris V
Count of Holland and Zeeland
1296–1299
Succeeded by
John II