John I. Beggs

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John Irvin Beggs
JohnIBeggs.jpg
Born (1847-09-17)September 17, 1847
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died October 17, 1925(1925-10-17) (aged 78)
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Occupation Financier, Entrepreneur, Industrialist
Salary $8,000 annually in 1888
Net worth $20 Million in 1925
Spouse(s) Sue Elizabeth Charles

John Irvin Beggs (September 17, 1847 – October 17, 1925) was an American businessman. He was associated closely with the electric utility boom under Thomas Edison. He was also associated with Milwaukee, St. Louis, Missouri and other regional rail and interurban trolley systems. Beggs is also known for developing modern depreciation techniques for business accounting and for being one of the early directors of what became General Electric.

Youth[edit]

John Irvin Beggs was born in Philadelphia on September 17, 1847, the son of James and Mary Irvin Beggs. Both of his parents were of Scottish descent but had emigrated to the United States from Northern Ireland.

His early life was spent around Philadelphia. After his father died when he was seven years old, Beggs worked to support of his mother in a brickyard, as a cattleman, and butcher.

Education[edit]

As a young man Beggs taught accounting and handwriting in the Bryant & Stratton Business College in Philadelphia. He went to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania at the age of 21 to work for Mitchell & Haggerty Coal Company as an accountant. He then worked selling real estate and fire insurance in Harrisburg. Beggs joined the Masonic fraternities at Harrisburg and maintained his membership in them until his death.

Electric light industry[edit]

When the electric light industry was in its infancy, Beggs assisted organization of the Harrisburg Electric Light Co. He built and managed its plant which was "the first commercially successful electric light plant in the United States". Beggs’ interest in electric lighting arose because he was head of the building committee of Grace Methodist Episcopal Church. He was married in Harrisburg to Sue Elizabeth Charles, who died March 14, 1902. They had one child, Mary Grace Beggs.

On account of his success in Harrisburg as an electric plant manager, he was called by J.P. Morgan to New York in 1887 as manager of the Edison Electric Illuminating Co. of that city. He remained in New York for about five years during which time he built the Pearl Street Station and 26th Street Station. Pearl Street provided electricity for the first time to Wall Street's stockbrokers. He worked closely with Thomas A. Edison and consequently became one of that small group known as Edison Pioneers. Beggs was one of the Illuminating Company Directors at the meeting when Henry Ford first met Edison and presented his idea for the automobile.

Career[edit]

From New York he went to Chicago as Western Manager of Edison Company where he remained until the Edison Company was merged with the Thomson-Houston Electric Company to form what is now the General Electric Company.

The North American Company, which had just been organized, had acquired an electric lighting interest in Cincinnati, Ohio and Beggs went to Cincinnati in charge of these interests. The North American Company shortly afterward acquired the electric railway and lighting companies in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and for several years, Beggs divided his time between these cities. In 1897, the Cincinnati interests were sold and Beggs moved to Milwaukee to devote his time to the utilities there.

In 1903, The North American Company began to acquire electric lighting interests in St. Louis, Missouri. Beggs first visited St. Louis as an advisor, and then began to divide his time between the two cities. At one time, Beggs was president of the St. Louis electric lighting company, the gas company, and the street railway company, as well as president and general manager of The Milwaukee Electric Railway and Light Company.

While Beggs was President of the Milwaukee Companies he built the Public Service Building in Milwaukee. His funeral services were conducted in its auditorium by the Employees’ Mutual Benefit Association. He also constructed the systems of interurban railways radiating from Milwaukee.

By 1911 Beggs had acquired a controlling interest in the St. Louis Car Company. He resigned from the Milwaukee companies and moved to St. Louis. He still maintained many business connections in Milwaukee and spent time there, although his residence was in St. Louis.

Beggs Isle[edit]

In the spring of 1911, Beggs purchased and named Beggs Isle in Lac La Belle, at 43°07′30″N 88°30′32″W / 43.125°N 88.509°W / 43.125; -88.509 (Beggs Isle),[1] near Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. He developed it into a summer residence for himself and his daughter’s family. Beggs turned this island into a botanical garden bringing in exotic plants. Egyptian papyrus plants were trained to last through the long Wisconsin winters. Beggs would purchase large commercial grade fireworks for their Fourth of July celebrations.[2]

In 1915, he invested in water power in northern Wisconsin and began to spend more time in that state, although still residing in St. Louis. In 1920 he was again elected president of The Milwaukee Electric Railway and Light Co., which position he still held at the time of his death.

Beggs was a member of the Executive Committee of the North American Company. He also devoted much time to the First Wisconsin National Bank in which he invested. During his last decade he directed the construction of the second largest paper mill in the country; engineered the reorganization of the J. I. Case Plow Company, arranged to finance a hotel in Atlantic City, New Jersey. and conducted a large Florida real estate transaction.[3]

Director and Officer[edit]

At the time of his death, Beggs was an active director or officer of 53 companies, including:

  1. North American Edison Company, Director (Now General Electric)
  2. The North American Company, Director, Member of Executive Committee
  3. The Milwaukee Electric Railway and Light Company, Director, President, Member of Executive Committees
  4. Wisconsin Gas & Electric Company, Director, Vice-President
  5. Briggs & Stratton Corporation, Director, Chairman Executive Committee
  6. St. Louis Car Company, Director, Chairman of Board
  7. J. I. Case Plow Works Company, Inc., Director
  8. Southern Improvement Company, Director, President
  9. First Wisconsin National Bank, Milwaukee, Director, Member of Executive and Finance Committees
  10. First Wisconsin Company, Milwaukee, Director
  11. Grand & Sixth National Bank, Milwaukee, Director, Member of Executive and Finance Committees
  12. First National Bank in St. Louis, Director
  13. Milwaukee Northern Railway Company, Director, President
  14. Wisconsin Traction, Light, Heat & Power Company, Director, President
  15. Peninsular Power Company, Director
  16. North American Utilities Investment Corporation, Director
  17. West Kentucky Coal Company, Director
  18. United Railways Company of St. Louis, Director
  19. Wisconsin Securities Company, Director, Member of Executive Committee
  20. Wisconsin Public Service Corporation, Director
  21. Menominee & Marinette Light & Traction Company, Director
  22. Wisconsin Railway, Light & Power Company, Director
  23. Land & Sea Investment Company, Baltimore, Director
  24. Oil Transport Company, Baltimore, Director
  25. Wisconsin Power, Light & Heat Company, Director
  26. Wisconsin River Power Company (Hydro-Electric), Director
  27. Southern Wisconsin Power Company (Hydro-Electric), Director
  28. Northwestern Casualty & Surety Company, Director, Member of Executive and Finance Committees
  29. The Newport Company, Director
  30. Milwaukee Coke & Gas Company, Director
  31. Globe Electric Company, Director, President
  32. Globe Real Estate Company, Director, President
  33. Wisconsin Real Estate Development Corporation, Director, President
  34. Grand & Sixth Building, Inc., Director, President
  35. Central Utilities Securities Corporation, Director, President, Treasurer
  36. Midland Oil, Gas & Refining Company, Director
  37. Lane Oil Producing Company, Director
  38. Johnson & King Coal Company, Director, President
  39. Raven Mining Company, Director
  40. American Granite Company, Director, President
  41. Shotwell Manufacturing Company, Director
  42. East Coast Development Company (Florida), Director, President
  43. Louisiana Pulp & Paper Company (Bastrop, LA.), Director, President
  44. Frankenberg Refrigerating Company, Director
  45. Prescott & Northwestern Ry. Company, (Prescott, Ark.), Vice-President
  46. Montana Railroad Company (Clarksville, Ark.), President
  47. President Apartment Hotel Company (Atlantic City), President

Legacy[edit]

He died in Milwaukee on October 17, 1925 at the age of 78. He was buried in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Edison and Beggs remained friends throughout their lifetimes. On Beggs' 75th Birthday Celebration on Beggs Isle, Edison presented Beggs with a large grandfather clock and a signed photograph addressed "To my hustler friend, (signed) Thomas A. Edison".

At the time of his death, Beggs was reported to be the wealthiest man in Wisconsin, with an estimated net worth of over $20M. He passed this fortune to his grandchildren:

  • Grandson John Irvin Beggs McCulloch (1908–1983), became fluent in over 10 foreign languages. After graduating from Yale, in 1933 he married Whip's sister Elizabeth Ten Broeck Jones. He became a foreign political analyst and a prolific writer of books and articles in many languages. Later in his career he supported the English Speaking Union pushing for the wider use of English.

These three had another notable grandfather, Robert McCulloch (1841–1914) who was the only confederate officer to survive the Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg. Both grandfathers were active in Freemasonry.

Filmography[edit]

  • The Trolley at East Troy (1986) at the Internet Movie Database - 1986 documentary, directed by Louis Rugani. Through the use of archival footage John I. Beggs 'stars' in this look at the history and survival efforts of this small anachronistic Wisconsin trolley line since 1907, and an overview of its relationship to the surrounding area, the now-dissolved parent company which built it, and the vanished traction empire of which it was a small part.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Beggs Island Retrieved January 13, 2011.
  2. ^ John I. Beggs (1910–1912). "Personal Correspondence" (bound carbon copies). Original. 
  3. ^ a b Linden, Mary Sue McCulloch (1992). Suzie's Story:The Autobiography of Socialite, Philanthropist & World Traveler. Rainbow Books. pp. 7–10. ISBN 0-935834-87-7. 
  4. ^ Karen Kaplan (September 2004). The New York Croquet Club History (PDF). p. 8. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

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