John Kidd (chemist)
|Born||10 September 1775
Westminster, London, England, Great Britain
|Died||7 September 1851(aged 75)|
John Kidd (10 September 1775 – 7 September 1851) was an English physician, chemist and geologist. John Kidd was born in Westminster, the son of a naval officer and was educated at Christ Church, Oxford.
He became reader in chemistry at Oxford in 1801, and in 1803 was elected the first Aldrichian professor of chemistry. He then voluntarily gave courses of lectures on mineralogy and geology: these were delivered in the dark chambers under the Ashmolean Museum, and there William Conybeare, William Buckland, Charles Daubeny and others gained their first lessons in geology. Kidd was a popular and instructive lecturer, and through his efforts the geological chair, first held by Buckland, was established.
The first of the scriptural geologists, "Kidd argued in his book A Geological Essay on the Imperfect Evidences in Support of a Theory of the Earth, on philosophical grounds, that a science of observation cannot claim certainty for its inferences as to causes, and that consequently theoretical geology cannot stand against an indisputable authority such as revelation." In 1818 he became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians; in 1822 regius professor of medicine in succession to Sir Christopher Pegge; and in 1834 he was appointed keeper of the Radcliffe Library.
- Outlines of Mineralogy (1809)
- A Geological Essay on the Imperfect Evidence in Support of a Theory of the Earth (1815)#
- The second Bridgewater Treatise: On the Adaptation of External Nature to the Physical Condition of Man (1833).
- The Aldrich chair of Chemistry was founded with an endowment given to the University in 1798 by George Aldrich, whose name adopted (Cf: Robert J P Williams, John S Rowlinson, Allan Chapman (edts.), Chemistry at Oxford: a history from 1600 to 2005, pp. 79-81, London: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008 (ISBN 0854041397)).
- Millhauser, Milton,  The Scriptural Geologists: An Episode in the History of Opinion, Osiris, Vol. 11,The University of Chicago Press, p. 70
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 21 January 2011.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- "JOHN Kidd (1775-1851)". British Medical Journal 2 (4733): 734. September 1951. PMC 2069801. PMID 14869708.
Earl of Bridgewater for other Bridgewater Treatise