John Simon (pathologist)

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John Simon in 1881
Lithograph of John Simon by Charles Baugniet (1848)

Sir John Simon KCB, FRS, FRCS (10 October 1816 – 23 July 1904) was an English pathologist, surgeon and public health officer. He was the first Chief Medical Officer for Her Majesty's Government from 1855–1876.

Biography[edit]

John Simon was born in London to Louis Michael Simon, a stockbroker, and Mathilde (née Nonnet).[1] He was the sixth of Louis' fourteen children by two marriages.[2] His medical career began in 1833 when he became an apprentice to surgeon Joseph Henry Green and he was educated at King's College and St Thomas' Hospital in London.[1][2] In 1838 he became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons.[3] In 1845 he won the Astley Cooper Prize for an essay entitled "Physiological Essay on the Thymus Gland"; he was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) the same year.[1]

In the mid-19th century, the government took measures to promote public health; the Public Health Act 1848 was passed and a General Board of Health was created. The same year, Simon was appointed the Medical Officer of Health for London for the City of London's commission of sewers; this was only the second health officer appointment in the country (William Henry Duncan had become Medical Officer for Health in Liverpool the previous year).[1][3] He served in this position until 1855. The General Board of Health was reorganised in 1853, and Simon became the board's Chief Medical Officer in 1855.[1][4] The General Board only lasted until 1858; on its dissolution, Simon's role as Chief Medical Officer transferred to the Privy Council.[4]

From 1867 to 1869 he was President of the Pathological Society of London.[5]

He married, in 1848, Jane O´Meara, daughter of Deputy Commissioner-General Matthew Delaval O´Meara. Lady Simon died aged 85 in London 19 August 1901.[6]

Simon died on 23 July 1904 in London and was buried at Ladywell Cemetery in Lewisham.[1]

Publications[edit]

  • English Sanitary Institutions, London: Cassell & company, 1890, OCLC 612812353 

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b c d e f Hamlin, Christopher (2004), "Simon, Sir John (1816–1904)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press), doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36097, retrieved 12 October 2011 
  2. ^ a b "Simon, Sir John (1816–1904)", Catalogues of the Surgeon General's Library (Royal College of Surgeons), 2006, retrieved 12 October 2011 
  3. ^ a b Schneider, p. 193
  4. ^ a b Clay, p. 32
  5. ^ "Transactions of the Pathological Society". Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  6. ^ "Obituary" The Times (London). Wednesday, 21 August 1901. (36539), p. 8.
Sources

Further reading[edit]

  • Lambert, Royston (1963), Sir John Simon, 1816–1904, and English Social Administration, London: MacGibbon & Kee, OCLC 185550491 
  • Sheard, Sally (2006), The Nation's Doctor, London: The Nuffield Trust 

External links[edit]