Jorge Antonio Cafrune (Jujuy, August 8, 1937 - Buenos Aires, February 1, 1978 ) was one of the most popular Argentinefolklorist singers of his time, as well as an unflagging investigator, compilator, and diffuser of the native culture.
In 1957 he recorded his first album with the band Las voces de Huayra that in 1960 changed its name to Los cantores del Alba, with Ariel Ramírez as manager. Beginning in 1962, Cafrune began to perform at the Cosquin Folkloric Festival. In 1966 in one of his visits to smaller villages, he met a young folklorist singer called José Larralde.
In 1967 shown the trip "De caballo por mi patria" in homage to Chacho Peñaloza. During this trip Cafrune traveled about Argentina as had many gauchos, taking his art and message around the country.
In 1977, after several years spent living in Spain, he returned to Argentina which was governed at the time by the military dictatorship of Jorge Rafael Videla. The government saw a menace in Cafrune's outspoken music, particularly his politically controversial song, Zamba de mi esperanza. On his persistence, Cafrune said, "Although it is not in the authorized repertoire, if my people requests it of me, I am going to sing it." On January 31, 1978, Lieutenant Colonel Carlos Enrique Villanueva ordered the assassination of Cafrune. After being run over by a van driven by two nineteen-year-old men, Cafrune died within twelve hours.