José Martí Pioneer Organization
|José Martí Pioneer Organization
Organización de Pioneros José Martí
|Headquarters||Palacio de Pioneros, Havana|
|Mother party||Communist Party of Cuba|
|International affiliation||World Federation of Democratic Youth|
José Martí Pioneer Organization (Spanish: Organización de Pioneros José Martí - OPJM), is a Cuban youth organization established in 1961, created as a replacement for the banned Asociación de Scouts de Cuba. The organization gets its name from Cuban writer and national hero José Martí.
The José Martí Pioneer Organization groups primary and secondary students, until 9th grade. The initiation takes place with a traditional act of giving a neckerchief, blue or red depending on the student's level; from that moment it forms a part of the scholastic uniform. In high school the neckerchief is replaced by a badge consisting of the bars with colors of the national flag and to the right, Che's signature; the symbol measures approximately 1.5 cm by 10 cm, in some cases is the symbol of the high school, and sewn directly on the white uniform shirt.
- (Spanish) OPJM on EcuRed
- (Spanish) Movimiento de Pioneros Exploradores on EcuRed
- (Spanish) Movimiento de Pioneros Exploradores website
- "The José Martí Pioneer Organization of Cuba, One of 18 individuals and organizations, to receive United Nations Environment Award". United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved June 29, 2006.
- (Spanish) OPJM history
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