José Martí Pioneer Organization

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José Martí Pioneer Organization
Organización de Pioneros José Martí
Founded 1961
Headquarters Palacio de Pioneros, Havana[1]
Mother party Communist Party of Cuba
International affiliation World Federation of Democratic Youth
An OPJM building in Havana

José Martí Pioneer Organization (Spanish: Organización de Pioneros José Martí - OPJM), is a Cuban youth organization established in 1961, created as a replacement for the banned Asociación de Scouts de Cuba. The organization gets its name from Cuban writer and national hero José Martí.

Overview[edit]

The José Martí Pioneer Organization groups primary and secondary students, until 9th grade. The initiation takes place with a traditional act of giving a neckerchief, blue or red depending on the student's level; from that moment it forms a part of the scholastic uniform. In high school the neckerchief is replaced by a badge consisting of the bars with colors of the national flag and to the right, Che's signature; the symbol measures approximately 1.5 cm by 10 cm, in some cases is the symbol of the high school, and sewn directly on the white uniform shirt.

The OPJM counts a section of exploration and camping named "Explorers Pioneers Movement" (Movimiento de Pioneros Exploradores, MPE).[2][3]

In 2001 it was elected to the Global 500 Roll of Honour of the United Nations Environment Programme for its environmental activities.[4]

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