Joseph Bienaimé Caventou
|Joseph Bienaimé Caventou|
|Alma mater||Ecole de Pharmacie de Paris|
|Known for||Isolating alkaloids from vegetables|
|Notable awards||Elected to the Académie Nationale de Médecine in 1821|
Joseph Bienaimé Caventou (1795–1877) was a French pharmacist. He was a professor at the École de Pharmacie (School of Pharmacy) in Paris. He collaborated with Pierre-Joseph Pelletier in a Parisian laboratory located behind an apothecary. He was a pioneer in the use of mild solvents to isolate a number of active ingredients from plants, making a study of alkaloids from vegetables. Among their successes were the isolation of the following compounds:
|1820||Cinchonine and quinine||Cinchona bark|
Neither of the partners chose to patent their discovery of this compound, releasing it for everybody to use. In 1823 they discovered nitrogen in alkaloid compounds. Other compounds they discovered include colchicine and veratrine.
- Haas L (1994). "Pierre Joseph Pelletier (1788-1842) and Jean Bienaime Caventou (1795-1887)". J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 57 (11): 1333. doi:10.1136/jnnp.57.11.1333. PMC 1073182. PMID 7964807.
- Kyle R, Shampe M (1974). "Discoverers of quinine". JAMA 229 (4): 462. doi:10.1001/jama.229.4.462. PMID 4600403.
- Delepine, Marcel (1951). "Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Caventou". Journal of Chemical Education 28 (September): 454–461. doi:10.1021/ed028p454.