Joseph William McKay
||It has been suggested that this article be merged with Joseph McKay. (Discuss) Proposed since September 2012.|
|Joseph William McKay|
January 31, 1829|
(Rupert’s House) Waskaganish, Quebec
|Died||December 17, 1900
Victoria, British Columbia
|Occupation||Fur trader, Explorer, Politician and Justice of the Peace|
|Children||4 daughters and 2 sons|
|Parents||William McKay and Mary Bunn|
Joseph William McKay (Mackay) (31 January 1829 – 17 December 1900) was a fur trader, politician and explorer who had a long career in the employ of the Hudson's Bay Company in Canada. Born in Quebec, he was the son of William McKay and Mary Bunn. His grandfather was John McKay. He married Helen Holmes at Victoria, British Columbia on June 16, 1860. Both were of mixed blood. Together they had four daughters and two sons.
He began working for the Hudson's Bay Company in Fort Vancouver in 1844 at the age of 14 years. Two years later he was transferred to Fort Victoria where he rose to become second-in-command under Governor James Douglas. He played a significant role in the negotiation of the Douglas Treaties in the Colony of Vancouver Island and was elected to the pre-confederation House of Assembly in 1856. He was released by the company in 1878 because of the extent of his outside business interests. After leaving the company he was a cannery manager and then an Indian agent. He was assistant superintendent of Indian Affairs in BC at the time of his death.
McKay was instrumental in the discovery of coal at Nanaimo. He moved there in 1849 and took possession of the coal fields for the HBC in 1852. He is credited with the construction of the Nanaimo Bastion.
- BCHeritage.ca Hudson's Bay Company People, At Fort Victoria
- Douglas Treaties - Conveyance of Land to Hudson’s Bay Company by Indian Tribes Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
- Nanaimo Community Archives William Barrclough, SS Beaver