Juan José Landaeta

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This article is about the 18th century Venezuelan composer. For the 20th century Venezuelan boxer, see Juan Jose Landaeta.

Juan José Landaeta (10 March 1780 - 16 October 1814) was a Venezuelan composer.

Life[edit]

Born in Caracas, his parents (Juan José Landaeta and Maria Candelaria Arévalo) were free mulatos. He studied music at the school of Padre Sojo, with Juan Manuel Olivares. Later, he worked at various churches of Caracas as a violinist and music director.

He was a participant in the Venezuelan War of Independence. In 1811 he founded the Concert Society Certamen de Música vocal e instrumental. After the demise of the First Republic, he was in prison, from which he was freed by the conquest of Simon Bolivar's conquest of Caracas. He then fell into the hands of José Tomás Boves, who had him executed.

He died in Cumaná.

Legacy[edit]

He was a noted writer of religious and patriotic songs. In 1810 he wrote the melody of Gloria al bravo pueblo ("Glory to the brave people") to the lyrics by Vicente Salias. In 1881, it was declared the Venezuelan national anthem by General Antonio Guzmán Blanco. However, its authorship is disputed, others claim it was composed by Lino Gallardo.

Today, the Venezuelan National Conservatory of Music is named for him.

Works[edit]

  • Tantum ergo (1798), composed with his son Francisco José Velásquez
  • Benedictus (1799)
  • Salve regina (1800)
  • Benedictus y pésame a la Virgen
  • Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (1810)