Judith Klavans

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Judith L. Klavans
Born (1946-11-07) November 7, 1946 (age 67)
Washington, D.C., United States
Occupation Computer scientist, linguist, computational linguist
Website
Judith L. Klavans

Judith L. Klavans (pronounced /ˈklvənz/ KLAY-vənz) is a linguist and computer scientist. Klavans' career has been centered on language and computing. She has been active in academia, industry and government in furthering the development and application of computational approaches to the study of language, with publications in areas including speech synthesis,[1][2] machine translation,[3][4] the development of resources and corpus analysis,[5][6][7] internet addiction,[8][9] information retrieval, and automatic summarization.[10] Her technologies have been applied in fields ranging from medical informatics,[11][12][13][14] cybersecurity, database interoperability,[15] cultural heritage institutions[16] and Digital Government.[17]

Academic background[edit]

Klavans completed her doctoral dissertation in 1980 at University College London of the University of London in the Department of Linguistics. Her dissertation involved a parametric comparison across typologically distinct languages of the linguistic phenomenon known as cliticization; a clitic is a morpheme that has the syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonology|phonologically on another word or phrase. A decade after, her dissertation was selected in the Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics series for updating and publication [18]

Experience[edit]

Klavans spent nine years serving at IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, in Yorktown Heights, New York as a research scientist and member of Technical Staff in the Computer Science Department. While at IBM, she held adjunct positions at the City University of New York Graduate Center and at Queens College, where she taught Computational Linguistics. She then went to Columbia University in the City of New York as the founding Director of the Center for Research on Information Access,[19] and co-director of the Digital Government Research Center.[20] She led the Text, Tags and Trust group at the University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies.[21]

Public service[edit]

Klavans was appointed by the White House to serve on the President’s Information Technology Advisory Board (PITAC),[22] a bi-partisan science advisory board. PITAC was authorized by Congress under the High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 (P. L. 102-194) and the Next Generation Internet Act of 1998 (P. L. 105-305)[23] as a Federal Advisory Committee. The Committee provides the President, Congress, and the Federal agencies involved in networking and information technology research and development with expert, independent advice on maintaining America's preeminence in advanced information technologies, including such critical elements of the national information technology infrastructure as high performance computing, large-scale networking, cyber security, and high assurance software and systems design. As part of this assessment, the PITAC reviews the Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program. During this tenure (2003-2005), Klavans participated in three major scientific studies: Report to the President on Revolutionizing Health Care Through Information Technology (June 2004); [24] Report to the President on Cyber Security: A Crisis of Prioritization (February 2005);[25] Report to the President on Computational Science: Ensuring America's Competitiveness (June 2005).[26] Klavans has been invited to contribute to studies by the National Academies of Science on the role of maps in emergency response; her role in this effort was to focus on the linguistic requirements of response management.[27]

Government service[edit]

From 2005 to 2013, Klavans was Director of Human Language Technology program at the Foreign Language Program Office of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) or DNI. Her best-known contribution was the establishment of the Government Catalog of Language Resources (GCLR) which enabled the collection, structuring and reuse of valuable corpora and multilingual lexical resources for computational linguistic applications. [28][29]

Advocacy for technical women and minorities[edit]

Klavans has been heavily involved with increasing the representation of women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. She was active in the CRA-W (The Computing Research Association's Committee on the Status of Women in Computing Research) and served as local New York City representative. While at Columbia University, she regularly hosted summer undergraduates in the research experience program, [30] and actively mentored dozens of undergraduate and graduate women.[31] Klavans is a founding member of the Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology[32] reflecting her long-standing commitment to increasing the number of women and minorities in technical professions.Klavans was also a close personal friend of Anita Borg through the revolutionary Systers group, founded by Borg in 1987. Much of the collaboration for the large Diversity Collection project on Women in Technology [33] supported and led to the foundation of the Anita Borg Institute and the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing. Early planning meetings for both the Grace Hopper Conference and the Institute were held at Klavans’ mother’s home in Kalorama, Washington, D.C. from 1992-1994.

Additional niographical information[edit]

Klavans was born in Washington, D.C. in 1946. After completing a B.A. at Oberlin College, she completed a first Master’s Degree at Boston University in Linguistics and Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). From 1970 to 1971, she lived on the Oglala Sioux Indian Reservation in Wounded Knee, South Dakota, where she worked on a literacy program for college bound high school students. Klavans comes from a family of musicians and artists. In addition to her career as a scientist and academic, Klavans is known for her musical talents. She is an accomplished flutist, and has performed as a soprano with several well-known choirs.

Books[edit]

  • Klavans, Judith L. and Philip Resnik, eds. (1997). The Balancing Act: Combining Symbolic and Statistical Approaches to Language. MIT Press: Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Klavans, Judith L. (1994). Clitics and Cliticization: The Interaction of Morphology, Phonology and Syntax. Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics Series. Garland Press: New York, New York.

Patents[edit]

  • 8,176,418
System and method for document collection, grouping and summarization
  • 7,254,530
System and method of generating dictionary entries
  • 6,473,730
Method and system for topical segmentation, segment significance and segment function
  • 5,630,121
Archiving and retrieving multimedia objects using structured indexes

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walrus: a Development System for Speech Synthesis - International Business Machines Corporation. Research Division, J. Thomas, J. Klavans, J. N. A. Nartey, C. Pickover, D. Reich, M. B. Rosson - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  2. ^ Judith Klavans, Evelyne Tzoukermann: Machine-Readable Dictionaries in Text-to-Speech Systems. COLING 1994: 971-975
  3. ^ Bonnie J. Dorr, Judith L. Klavans: Introduction: Special issue on building lexicons for machine translation. Machine Translation 10(1-2): 1-3 (1995)
  4. ^ Bonnie J. Dorr, Judith L. Klavans: Introduction: Special issue on building lexicons for machine translation. Machine Translation 9(3-4): 151-153 (1994)
  5. ^ "Using The Wisdom Of Crowds To Translate Language". NPR. 2010-06-22. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  6. ^ Judith L. Klavans, Evelyne Tzoukermann: Combining corpus and machine-readable dictionary data for building bilingual lexicons.Machine Translation 10(3): 185-218 (1995)
  7. ^ Judith L. Klavans & Patrick Hanks, "The role of large text corpora in building natural language systems", Tutorial presented at the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, COLING-90. 1990.
  8. ^ Henderson, Diedtra (1996-03-01). "Business | I'm Kris; I'm A Webaholic - Use Of Online Computer Services Can Be Addictive | Seattle Times Newspaper". Community.seattletimes.nwsource.com. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  9. ^ Netaholics?: The Creation of a Pathology by Carla G. Surratt, p. 66
  10. ^ Klavans, Judith L. (2004) “Text Summarization”. Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction. William S. Bainbridge, editor. Berkshire Press, Great Barrington, Massachusetts.
  11. ^ Judith Klavans and Smaranda Muresan. Evaluation of the DEFINDER System for Fully Automatic Glossary Construction. Proceedings of the American Medical Informatics Association Symposium (AMIA 2001)
  12. ^ Kathleen R. Mckeown and Shih-fu Chang and James Cimino and Steven K. Feiner and Carol Friedman and Luis Gravano and Vasileios Hatzivassiloglou and Steven Johnson and Desmond A. Jordan and Desmond A and Judith L. Klavans and Andre Kushniruk and Vimla Patel and Simone Teufel}, PERSIVAL, a System for Personalized Search and Summarization over Multimedia Healthcare Information, In Proceedings of The First ACM+IEEE JCDL, 2001.
  13. ^ Noémie Elhadad, Min-Yen Kan, Judith Klavans, and Kathleen McKeown. Customization in a Unified Framework for Summarizing Medical Literature. Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, 2005, 33(2):179-198.
  14. ^ Smaranda Muresan, Judith L. Klavans: Inducing terminologies from text: A case study for the consumer health domain. JASIST 64(4): 727-744 (2013)
  15. ^ Simplifying Data Access: The Energy Data Collection (EDC) Project - José Luis Ambite, Yigal Arens, Eduard Hovy, Andrew Philpot, Luis Gravano, Vasileios Hatzivassiloglou, and Judith Klavans. IEEE Computer 34 (2), Special Issue on Digital Government, February 2001.
  16. ^ Klavans, J., Golbeck J., LaPlante, R. Subject Matter Categorization of Tags Applied to Digital Images from Art Museums. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST). (in press)
  17. ^ Extracting Taxonomic Relationships from On-Line Definitional Sources Using LEXING - Judith Klavans, Brian Whitman. The ACM/IEEE-Computer Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, June 24–28, 2001 in Roanoke, VA.
  18. ^ Klavans, Judith L. On Clitics and Cliticization: The Interaction of Morphology, Phonology, and Syntax. New York: Garland Pub., 1995. Print.
  19. ^ "New Center at Columbia University for Digital Library Research". Dlob.org. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  20. ^ "NSF Award Search: Award#0091533 - Digital Government Research Center (DGRC): Bringing Complex Data to Users". Nsf.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  21. ^ "Grant Search". Imls.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  22. ^ "NCO/NITRD Archives". Nitrd.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  23. ^ "105th Congress Public Law 305". Gpo.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  24. ^ "91749 NOESIS newtext w Links.qxp" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  25. ^ "F-127Cvr(nsf)" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  26. ^ "Computational Science : Ensuring America's Competitiveness". Nitrd.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  27. ^ "Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management". Nap.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  28. ^ "Speaker Bio | Human Language Technology Showcase 2010". Ncsi.com. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  29. ^ "Governemtn Catalog of Language Resources". Amta2012.amtaweb.org. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  30. ^ "Distributed Research Experiences for Undergraduates (DREU)". Cra-w.org. 2010-10-13. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  31. ^ "Career Mentoring Workshop (CMW)". Cra-w.org. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  32. ^ [1][dead link]
  33. ^ "Oral-History:Anita Borg - GHN: IEEE Global History Network". Ieeeghn.org. Retrieved 2014-02-05.