Jyotirishwar Thakur

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Jyotirishwar Thakur or Kaviśekharācārya Jyotirīśvara Ṭhākura (1290–1350) was a Sanskrit poet and an early Maithili writer, known for the Varṇa Ratnākara, his encyclopedic work in Maithili.

Life[edit]

His was son of Rāmeśvara and grandson of Dhīreśvara. He was the court poet of King Harisimhadeva of Karnata dynasty of Mithila (r. 1300–1324).

Major works[edit]

His most significant work in Maithili, the Varṇa Ratnākara (1324) is an encyclopedic work in prose. This work contains descriptions of various subjects and situations. This work provides valuable information about the life and culture of medieval India.[1] The text is divided into seven Kallolas (waves): Nagara Varṇana, Nāyikā Varṇana, Asthāna Varṇana, Ṛtu Varṇana, Prayāṇa Varṇana, Bhaṭṭādi Varṇana and Śmaśāna Varṇana. An incomplete list of 84 Siddhas is found in the text, which consists only 76 names. A manuscript of this text is preserved in the Asiatic Society, Kolkata (ms. no 4834 of Asiatic Society of Bengal).[2]

His major Sanskrit play, the Dhūrta Samāgama (The Meeting of the Knaves) (1320) is a two act Prahasana (comedy). The play relates the contest between a religious mendicant Viśvanagara and his disciple Durācāra over a lovely courtesan Anaṅgasenā whom the Brahmin arbitrator Asajjātimiśra keeps for himself.[3] Superior characters in this drama speak in Sanskrit, inferior characters speak in Prakrit and the songs are in Maithili.[4]

His another Sanskrit work, the Pañcasāyaka (Five Arrows) in five parts deals with the same topics which are dealt in the other standard works on the Kāmaśāstra.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Majumdar R.C. (ed.) (2006). The Delhi Sultanate, The History and Culture of Indian People, Vol.VI, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, p.515
  2. ^ Shastri, Haraprasad (ed.) (2006). Hajar Bacharer Purano Bangala Bhasay Bauddhagan O Doha (in Bengali) Kolkata: Bangiya sahitya Parishad, pp.35-6
  3. ^ Majumdar R.C. (ed.) (2006). The Delhi Sultanate, The History and Culture of Indian People, Vol.VI, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, p.471
  4. ^ Jha, V.N. (2003). Sanskrit Writings in Independent India, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 81-260-1812-7, p.179
  5. ^ Majumdar R.C. (ed.) (2006). The Delhi Sultanate, The History and Culture of Indian People, Vol.VI, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, p.488

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Chatterji S.K. and S.K. Mishra (ed.) (1940). Varṇa Ratnākara of Jyotirīśvara, Bibliotheca Indica, Calcutta: The Asiatic Society.

External links[edit]