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Kalev and Lembit
|Operators:|| Estonian Navy
|In commission:||1936 - 1979|
|Tonnage:||570 (in its current condition)|
|Displacement:||665 tons surfaced
853 tons submerged
|Speed:||surface - 13.5 knots
submerged - 8.5 knots
|Complement:||4 officers + 28 men|
|Armament:||4 × bow torpedo tubes
(8 21" torpedoes)
1 × 40 mm AA gun "Bofors"
1 × .303 (7.7mm) AA gun "Lewis"
|Notes:||Ships in class include: EML Kalev, EML Lembit|
The newly independent Republic of Estonia followed the Finnish naval armament program and the common top secret defense cooperation in acquiring submarines. Unlike the German designed Finnish subs, Estonia opted for British built submarines. Both boats of the class Kalev and the Lembit were built by Vickers-Armstrong at Barrow-in-Furness, in the United Kingdom.
The two subs were ordered in 1936 and delivered in 1939. After the Soviet annexation of Estonia in 1940 the Estonian Navy was integrated into the Soviet Baltic Fleet. The Kalev class submarines were commissioned into the Soviet Navy on September 18, 1940. Kalev was sunk outside Hanko, Finland in 1941, but Lembit continued a successful campaign against Swedish iron ore transports to Germany. Lembit was decommissioned in 1979. She is now preserved as a museum ship at the Estonian Maritime Museum Lennusadam (Seaplane harbour/Hydroplane port), Tallinn.
As a museum exhibit
Main article: EML Lembit.
- Submarine Lembit - Estonian Maritime Museum
- Kalev-class submarine (Kalev or Lembit)
- The Vickers Photographic Archive (search for Kalev)
- Lembit Submarine - Tallinn
- Allied Warships - Kalev class
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kalev class submarines.|