Kallaroo is one of the four 'Whitfords' suburbs that resulted from the State Government rezoning large areas of coastal land for development in 1969. Kallaroo was chosen as a suburb name in 1970 and is an Aboriginal word meaning ‘road to the water’. The suburb is home to one primary school, Springfield Primary School, which was named after the original housing estate. The school was established in 1972, with 179 students.
Street names in the Kallaroo are predominantly after shipwrecks, including famous West Australian shipwrecks, such as the Batavia.
The land west of Dampier Avenue was developed during the mid-late 1980s and, although part of Kallaroo, is known as Northshore, in reference to the project name of the housing estate.