Kandal Province

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Kandal
កណ្ដាល
Province
Lilly pads in Kien Svay, Kandal Province
Lilly pads in Kien Svay, Kandal Province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kandal Province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kandal Province
Country  Cambodia
Capital Ta Khmao
Government
 • Governor Phay Bunchheun (CPP)
 • MPs 11
Area
 • Total 3,568 km2 (1,378 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 18th
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 1,265,805
 • Rank Ranked 3rd
 • Density 350/km2 (920/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 2nd
Human Development Index
 • HDI (2009) Increase 0.653 (medium)
Time zone UTC+07
ISO 3166 code KH-8
Districts 11
Communes 1087

Kandal (Khmer: កណ្ដាល, "Central") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the southeast portion of the country. It borders the provinces of Prey Veng and Takeo to the west, Kampong Cham to the north, Prey Veng to the east, and shares an international border with Vietnam to the south. Its capital and largest city is Ta Khmao, which is 20 km south of Phnom Penh. Kandal is one of the wealthier provinces in the country.

Geography[edit]

Physical[edit]

Kandal Province completely surrounds the capital Phnom Penh. The province is also a part of the greater Phnom Penh Metropolitan Area with more than a million people living in and around the province. While traveling out of Phnom Penh, the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognizable.

The province consists of the typical plain wet area, covering rice fields and other agricultural plantations. The average altitude of the province is no more than 10 meters above sea level. The province also features two of the biggest rivers in the country, the Bassac and Mekong Rivers.[1]

Climate[edit]

The province has a warm and humid tropical climate. The monsoon season normally begins in May and runs through October, while the rest of the year is the dry season. The warmest period of the year occurs between March and May, while the coolest period is from November through March.[2]

Economy[edit]

Kandal Province serves as an economic belt of the capital Phnom Penh. Farming and fishing are the two main industries of the province. Major products include palm oil, peanuts, rice, and pepper. In addition to farming and fishing, the province also supports thriving cottage industries that specialize in wood carving, silk, and handicrafts.

Many garment factories are located in Kandal Province, which hires more than 500,000 workers.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 11 districts (srok). The districts are further subdivided into 146 communes (khum) and 1087 villages.

ISO Code District Romanization Population
0801 ស្រុកកណ្តាលស្ទឹង Kandal Steung 76,549
0802 ស្រុកគៀនស្វាយ Kien Svay 148,358
0803 ស្រុកខ្សាច់កណ្តាល Khsach Kandal 105,345
0804 ស្រុកកោះធំ Koh Thom 136,542
0805 ស្រុកលើកដែក Leuk Daek 52,976
0806 ស្រុកល្វាឯម Lavear Em 65,835
0807 ស្រុកមុខកំពូល Mukh Kamphol 77,456
0808 ស្រុកអង្គស្នួល Ang Snuol 88,921
0809 ស្រុកពញ្ញាឮ Ponhea Leu 95,087
0810 ស្រុកស្អាង S'ang 169,792
0811 ក្រុងតាខ្មៅ Ta Khmao 195,898

Parliament[edit]

Kandal currently has 11 seats in Parliament of which a majority was won by the Cambodia National Rescue Party, winning 6 seats. The rest of the 5 seats were won by the Cambodian People's Party.

Name Political Party
1 Eng Chhai Eang CNRP
2 Ou Chanrith CNRP
3 Chan Cheng CNRP
4 To Vanchan CNRP
5 Pot Pov CNRP
6 Ter Chanmony CNRP
7 Hun Sen CPP
8 Khuon Sodary CPP
9 Mom Chimhuy CPP
10 Ho Non CPP
11 Non Sirun CPP

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] TC-Kandal Geography
  2. ^ [2] TC-Kandal

Coordinates: 13°51′45″N 100°30′52″E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444