Provinces of Cambodia

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Cambodia is divided into 24 provinces (Khmer: ខេត្ត, khaet, singular and plural, The capital Phnom Penh is not province but a special administrative area and is included as the 25th province since it is administered at the same level as the other 24 provinces. The name of the provinces are the same as that of their respective capital cities, except for Banteay Meanchey, Kandal, Mondulkiri, Oddar Meanchey, Rattanakiri, Koh Kong, Kampong Thom, Takeo, Kampong Speu, and Tboung Khmum.

Phnom Penh has both the highest population and the highest population density. The largest province by area is Mondulkiri and the smallest Phnom Penh. Kep has the lowest population, while Mondulkiri has the lowest population density (facts according to the year 2000 census).

Each province is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the Ministry of Interior.

Cambodia is subdivided into 159 districts (srok, ស្រុក). The nine districts of Phnom Penh are called khan (ខណ្ឌ), but even in official documents they are sometimes misidentified as srok. The number of districts in each provinces varies, from two in the smallest provinces to 13 in Battambang, Prey Veng, and Siem Reap. Further subdivision levels are khum (subdistricts), sangkat (quarters) and finally, phum (villages). In Phnom Penh there are no khum.

List of provinces[edit]


Cambodia provinces en.svg
No Name Native Name Capital
(Seat)
Population (2008 census) Area (km²) Density ISO
1 Phnom Penh Municipality ភ្នំពេញ Phnom Penh
(Chamkarmon District)
1,327,615 290 2,638 KH-12
2 Banteay Meanchey Province បន្ទាយមានជ័យ Sisophon
(Serei Saophoan District)
677,872 6,679 102 KH-1
3 Battambang Province បាត់ដំបង Battambang
(Battambang District)
1,058,174 11,702 89 KH-2
4 Kampong Cham Province កំពង់ចាម Kampong Cham
(Kampong Cham District)
925,992 KH-3
5 Kampong Chhnang Province កំពង់ឆ្នាំង Kampong Chhang
(Kampong Chhnang District)
472,341 5,521 86 KH-4
6 Kampong Speu Province កំពង់ស្ពឺ Kampong Speu
(Chbar Mon District)
716,944 7,017 102 KH-5
7 Kampong Thom Province កំពង់ធំ Kampong Thom
(Stueng Saen District)
631,409 13,814 51 KH-6
8 Kampot Province កំពត Kampot
(Kampot District)
585,850 4,873 120 KH-7
9 Kandal Province កណ្តាល Ta Khmao
(Ta Khmao District)
1,265,280 3,568 355 KH-8
10 Koh Kong Province កោះកុង Koh Kong
(Smach Mean Chey District)
117,481 11,160 12 KH-9
11 Kep Province
(municipality)
កែប Kep
(Kep District)
35,753 336 120 KH-23
12 Kratié Province ក្រចេះ Kratié
(Kratié District)
319,217 11,094 29 KH-10
13 Mondulkiri Province មណ្ឌលគីរី Senmonorom
(Senmonorom District)
61,107 14,288 4 KH-11
14 Oddar Meanchey Province ឧត្តរមានជ័យ Samraong
(Samraong District)
185,819 6,158 30 KH-22
15 Pailin Province
(municipality)
បៃលិន Pailin
(Pailin District)
70,486 803 88 KH-24
16 Preah Sihanouk Province
(municipality)
ព្រះសីហនុ Sihanoukville
(Mittakpheap District)
221,396 868 230 KH-18
17 Preah Vihear Province ព្រះវិហារ Phnom Tbeng Meanchey
(Tbaeng Meanchey District)
171,139 13,788 12 KH-13
18 Pursat Province ពោធិ៍សាត់ Pursat
(Sampov Meas District)
397,161 12,692 31 KH-15
19 Prey Veng Province ព្រៃវែង Prey Veng
(Prey Veaeng District)
947,372 4,883 194 KH-14
20 Ratanakiri Province រតនគីរី Banlung
(Banlung District)
150,466 10,782 14 KH-16
21 Siem Reap Province សៀមរាប Siem Reap
(Siem Reap District)
896,443 10,299 87 KH-17
22 Stung Treng Province ស្ទឹងត្រែង Stung Treng
(Stung Treng District)
111,671 11,092 10 KH-19
23 Svay Rieng Province ស្វាយរៀង Svay Rieng
(Svay Rieng District)
482,788 2,966 163 KH-20
24 Takéo Province តាកែវ Takéo
(Doun Kaev District)
844,906 3,563 237 KH-21
25 Tbong Khmum Province ត្បូងឃ្មុំ Tboung Khmum
(Tboung Khmum District)
754,000 KH-??

History[edit]

Before 1975[edit]

Khmer Rouge[edit]

In 1975 the Khmer Rouge government did away with all former Cambodian traditional administrative divisions. Instead of provinces, "Democratic Kampuchea" was divided into seven geographic zones: The Northwest, the North, the Northeast, the East, the Southwest, the West and the Center.

These zones were derived from divisions established by the Khmer Rouge when they fought against the Khmer Republic led by general Lon Nol.[1]

2008[edit]

On 22 December 2008, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a Royal Decree that changed the municipalities of Kep, Pailin and Sihanoukville into provincial municipalities, as well as adjusting several provincial borders.[2]

2013[edit]

On 31 December 2013, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a Royal Decree that split Kampong Cham into two provinces: Kampong Cham (west of the Mekong river) and Tbong Khmum (east of the Mekong river).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James A. Tyner, The Killing of Cambodia
  2. ^ "Decree Creates Three New Provinces". 
  3. ^ "Kampong Cham's great divide". 

External links[edit]