Karabük

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Karabük
Municipality
Karabük is located in Turkey
Karabük
Karabük
Coordinates: 41°11′55″N 32°37′35″E / 41.19861°N 32.62639°E / 41.19861; 32.62639Coordinates: 41°11′55″N 32°37′35″E / 41.19861°N 32.62639°E / 41.19861; 32.62639
Country Turkey
Province Karabük
Government
 • Mayor Rafet Vergili (MHP)
Area[1]
 • District 759.63 km2 (293.29 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 110,537
 • District 123,616
 • District density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Website www.karabuk.bel.tr

Karabük is a town and the capital district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2009 census, population of the city is 108 167.[3][4] The district covers an area of 760 km2 (293 sq mi),[5] and the town lies at an elevation of 354 m (1,161 ft).

Karabük was built in the 1930s as the seat of the iron and steel industry of Turkey. Karabük lies in a location near Filyos River formed by the merge of Araç and Soğanlı rivers.

Name[edit]

There are no known records of the origin of its name; in Turkish kara means "black" or "land" and bük means "bush" or "blackberry bush" ("bramble"). So Karabük means "blackbush".

History[edit]

Karabük is situated on an important trade route between Amasra on the coast and central Anatolia. The history of the city goes back to the early years of the Turkish Republic, when it was a small sub-village formed by 13 houses in the Öğlebeli village of Safranbolu. There was also a small train station on the AnkaraZonguldak route. The town started to develop with the industrialization of the country. One of the first steel factories of the Republic was built here in 1939, after which it grew rapidly and incorporated Öğlebeli village as a quarter. Karabük became a municipality and then a township in the Safranbolu district in 1941. It became a district center in 1953 and a provincial center in 1995.

Hadrianapolis (now Eskipazar) is an ancient city from the Roman Empire of the 4th century, located about 3 km from Karabük. There are many fountains, churches, and Roman baths. Although most of it is recently excavated, illegal excavations which have been going on for many years have damaged Eskipazar's chances of becoming a major tourist attraction.[6]

Climate[edit]

Karabük has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa) with hot and humid summers and cool and wet winters.

Climate data for Karabük
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
24.8
(76.6)
32.5
(90.5)
34.9
(94.8)
37.0
(98.6)
40.5
(104.9)
43.6
(110.5)
44.1
(111.4)
40.8
(105.4)
37.2
(99)
25.8
(78.4)
23.7
(74.7)
44.1
(111.4)
Average high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
10.1
(50.2)
15.3
(59.5)
20.2
(68.4)
25.3
(77.5)
29.0
(84.2)
32.1
(89.8)
32.7
(90.9)
28.0
(82.4)
21.5
(70.7)
14.2
(57.6)
8.6
(47.5)
20.33
(68.61)
Average low °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
0.3
(32.5)
2.8
(37)
6.6
(43.9)
10.1
(50.2)
13.7
(56.7)
16.2
(61.2)
16.2
(61.2)
12.7
(54.9)
8.8
(47.8)
3.5
(38.3)
0.7
(33.3)
7.57
(45.63)
Record low °C (°F) −13.9
(7)
−13.4
(7.9)
−9.2
(15.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.1
(32.2)
4.6
(40.3)
8.9
(48)
9.1
(48.4)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
−5.1
(22.8)
−12.0
(10.4)
−13.9
(7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 53.9
(2.122)
34.3
(1.35)
44.6
(1.756)
47.1
(1.854)
46.6
(1.835)
52.3
(2.059)
32.5
(1.28)
24.7
(0.972)
31.0
(1.22)
38.8
(1.528)
32.1
(1.264)
45.5
(1.791)
483.4
(19.031)
Avg. rainy days 12.9 11.9 12.2 12.5 11.7 10.2 6.1 5.3 7.0 9.0 9.9 12.0 120.7
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [7]

Economy[edit]

Karabük has its own resources of dolomite and limestone, while coal and manganese is brought from Zonguldak and iron ore from Divriği. This allows a varied, yet basic industry in Karabük, including a coking plant, blast furnaces, a foundry and tube works. There are also chemical plants that produce sulfuric acid and phosphates. Nearby are the Zonguldak coal fields.

One of the major steel producers in Turkey, namely Kardemir (Karabük Iron and Steel Works), is located in Karabük.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  5. ^ Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  6. ^ Ramazan Uyumaz. "The Antique City of Hadrianapolis (Turkish)". Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  7. ^ http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=KARABUK

References[edit]

External links[edit]