|This article is outdated. (November 2010)|
|Born||4 April 1963
Alkhan Kala, Chechen-Ingush ASSR, Soviet Union
|Education||Krasnoyarsk Medical Institute|
|Children||Maryam, Islam, Markha, Satsita|
Khassan Baiev (Chechen: Хасан Баиев) (born 4 April 1963) is a Chechen trauma surgeon who upheld the Hippocratic oath to treat thousands of civilians and combatants on both sides of the First and Second Chechen Wars, including Russian soldiers and Chechen fighters.
Baiev has been honored by Human Rights Watch, Physicians for Human Rights, and Amnesty International for his work. He has authored two memoirs, The Oath: A Surgeon Under Fire and Grief of My Heart: Memoirs of a Chechen Surgeon, and has served as Chairman of the International Committee for the Children of Chechnya since 2003. He is also a sambo world champion, and holds a black belt in judo.
Early life and education
Khassan Baiev was born as a fraternal twin in Alkhan-Kala, a suburb of Grozny, in 1963. His father, a herbalist by profession, served in the Soviet Red Army and was wounded during World War II, but was deported to Kazakhstan as a result of the forced deportations of most Chechens to Central Asia in February 1944. Baiev's parents would return in 1959 after Nikita Khrushchev allowed for the Chechens to return home during the de-Stalinization campaign.
Plagued by frailty and illness growing up, Baiev took up martial arts to overcome his physical weaknesses – by late adolescence he was a black belt judoka who won national competitions and faced a promising career as a coach in the sports-obsessed Soviet Union. However, Baiev desired to become a doctor, as his sisters were nurses and his father a herbalist, and in his words, "I always wanted to do something that would be of service to society." Despite poor academic performance and racial discrimination against Caucasians, Baiev gained provisional acceptance to the Krasnoyarsk Medical Institute in Siberia in 1980 because of his sports achievements.
As a medical student, Baiev faced several struggles: he was forced to study and sleep in the waiting room of the local railroad station for the first six months, he had to find a difficult balance between his medical studies and sports competitions, and he had to overcome several Chechen traditions, including one that forbids men from helping in childbirth. Baiev decided to specialize in cosmetic surgery, despite an Islamic belief that man should not change what Allah has given him, because he found that offering a better life to a child with birth defects or to a woman unhappy with her looks was rewarding.
In 1985, Baiev graduated from medical school and started his specialist training. He returned to Chechnya in 1988 and became a successful plastic surgeon; and, in the early 1990s, he went to Moscow for additional training. He has said of his practice in Moscow:
In Moscow, 75% of my patients were people who wanted facelifts and tummy tucks, while 25% were accident victims. People came from abroad--Sweden, Germany, Switzerland--for plastic surgery because we were offering such operations at a tenth of the cost in their countries. I could have stayed in Moscow, but by 1994 it was clear that war was going to break out, and I decided it was my duty to help my fellow Chechens."
By 2000, Baiev was the single surgeon for nearly 80,000 residents near Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, and at one point during the conflict he performed 67 amputations and eight brain operations in a 48-hour period. His patients included the rebel leaders Shamil Basayev and Salman Raduyev. Both sides of the conflict saw Baiev's actions of treating the other side as treason and multiple death threats were made against him.
Consequently, the human rights organization Physicians for Human Rights sponsored Baiev for political asylum in the United States during the Second Chechen War and Baiev flew to Washington, DC in April 2000. After his family joined him in the U.S. ten months later, Baiev and his family have been living in Needham, Massachusetts. As of 2008, Dr. Khassan has been treating pediatric patients in Grozny, especially in deformations of the face and amputated limbs.
- Daniloff, Caleb (February 23, 2003). "For Chechens, a fighting chance". calebdaniloff.com. The Boston Globe. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
- Baiev, Khassan. "Website of Grief of My Heart: Memoirs of a Chechen Surgeon". griefofmyheart.com. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- "About Us web page". International Committee for the Children of Chechnya. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- "Mission Statement". International Committee for the Children of Chechnya. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- "Author Biography – Khassan Baiev". TheOathBook.com. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- Baiev, Khassan (February 27, 2004). "A History Written in Chechen Blood". The St. Petersburg Times (947 (15)). Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- Vlad, Ioana (April 2004). "Surgeon under fire". StudentBMJ (BMJ Group) 12: 154. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- Peper, Lisa (April 9, 2004). "Chechnian doctor discusses how he risked death to uphold Hippocratic Oath". The Reporter. Vanderbilt Medical Center. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- "Chechnya: A Nation Suffering at the Hands of Scoundrels – An Interview with Khassan Baiev". Johnson's Russia List 19 (JRL 2008) (Center for Defense Information). Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- "Q & A with Dr. Khassan Baiev". TheOathBook.com. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- Baiev, Khassan (January 2008). "News Archive of the International Committee for the Children of Chechnya". News posting. ICCC website. Retrieved May 9, 2011.
- "Official website of the International Committee for the Children of Chechnya". International Committee for the Children of Chechnya. Retrieved January 22, 2009.[dead link]
- "Official website of The Oath, a Book by Khassan Baiev". TheOathBook.com. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- "Official website of Grief of my Heart". griefofmyheart.com. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- "Dr. Khassan Baiev: 2006 PHR Health and Human Rights Award Recipient". Website of the Physicians for Human Rights. Physicians for Human Rights. Retrieved January 22, 2009.[dead link]