Kolín

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"Kolin" redirects here. For the Polish village, see Kolin, West Pomeranian Voivodeship. For the Iranian village, see Kolin, Iran.
Coordinates: 50°1′N 15°12′E / 50.017°N 15.200°E / 50.017; 15.200
Kolín
Town
Kolin CZ town hall.JPG
Town Hall
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Central Bohemian
District Kolín
Commune Kolín
River Elbe
Elevation 220 m (722 ft)
Coordinates 50°1′N 15°12′E / 50.017°N 15.200°E / 50.017; 15.200
Area 34.97 km2 (13.5 sq mi)
Population 30,823
Density 881 / km2 (2,282 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1261
Mayor Vít Rakušan
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 280 02
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Kolín
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.mukolin.cz

Kolín (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkoliːn]; German: Kolin) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic some 55 kilometres (34 mi) east from Prague, lying on the Elbe River.

History[edit]

Ptolemy's world map mentions Kolin - Budorgis in the 2nd century.[1] In the 12th and 13th-century German settlers were called in after the Germans leaving west during Migration and the colonization by Slaves. Kolín was founded by king Přemysl Otakar II in the 13th century, first mentioned in 1261.[citation needed] Later on, 1437, a castle was founded here. Between 1475 and 1488, Hynek ze Strážnic, a Renaissance writer and son of King George of Poděbrady, lived in the Kolín Castle.

The 1757 Battle of Kolin was fought during the Seven Years' War, and in 1944 a refinery in Kolin was bombed during the Oil Campaign of World War II. Cyklon B for Nazi concentration camps was produced there. The predominantly German population was expelled after World War II.

The historical centre of the town has many gothic and baroque buildings. Most notable are the main market (Karls Square), the Jewish ghetto and synagogue, the very old and large Jewish cemetery, and St. Bartholomeus Church from the 13th century (a work of the architect Peter Parler).

Kolín today[edit]

In spring 2005 a new automobile factory was opened by the TPCA consortium on the northern edge of the town.50 04N; 15 14E It employs 3,000 people, cost about 1.5 billion EUR and has a current capacity of 300,000 cars a year.

Notable inhabitants[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kleineberg, Andreas, Christian Marx, Eberhard Knobloch and Dieter Lelgemann (2010). Germania und die Insel Thule. Die Entschlüsselung von Ptolemaios´ „Atlas der Oikumene“. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. ISBN 978-3-534-23757-9.