Komańcza

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Coordinates: 49°21′10″N 22°04′30″E / 49.35278°N 22.07500°E / 49.35278; 22.07500
Komańcza
Village
Congregatio Sanctae Familiae de Nazareth in Komańcza.jpg
Name origin: According to some sources its name comes from the east slavic dialect word Kuman (кумани), meaning "Cumans" (village of Cumans)
Country Poland
Region Sanok County
District Gmina Komańcza
Elevation 482 m (1,581 ft)
Coordinates 49°21′10″N 22°04′30″E / 49.35278°N 22.07500°E / 49.35278; 22.07500
Area 8.8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population 880 (31 December 2002)
Density 100 / km2 (259 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1512
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 38 543
Car plate KUS, RSA
Wikimedia Commons: Pogórze Bukowskie
Website: http://www.komancza.pl

Komańcza [kɔˈmaɲt͡ʂa] (Ukrainian: Команча, Komancha) is a village in the Sanok County, in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship (province) of south-eastern Poland. It is situated in the Bukowsko Upland mountains, located near the towns of Medzilaborce and Palota (in northeastern Slovakia).

History[edit]

Komanycza, Crziemyenna – 1512, de Komancza – 1524. The village was first mentioned in historical records in 1512. In 1785, the village lands comprised 8.93 km2 (3.45 sq mi), with a population of 450 Greek Catholics, 16 Roman Catholics, and 15 Jews. [1] After World War I, this village was the site of the ephemeral Komancza Republic (November 1918 – January 1919). In 1936, the village had 878 Greek Catholics (Uniates). The Ukrainian parish priest, Rev. Orest Venhrynovych, was killed in 1944, and the village was burned down 1946 during border disputes with Ukraine.[2] The responsibility for these actions is disputed. Some members of the village went to the Ukrainian SSR in 1946. Other were removed from Komancza on 29 April 1947 as part of Operation Vistula and moved to the Silesia area of Poland.

Culture and Religion[edit]

The wooden village church, "Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary", considered a pearl of Eastern Lemko architecture, was built in 1802, and was on the Polish Register of Historic Buildings. The church was occupied by the Uniates until 1963, when it was taken over by the Orthodox. Uniate services were then held in a Roman Catholic Chapel, until a new Uniate church was built in 1987. The old wooden church was totally destroyed by fire on 13 September 2006, but the belfry is still standing. A number of liturgical books, dated 1638 to 1793, were also severely damaged or destroyed in this fire. http://www.ppoz.pl/down/pwa/fr1006a.pdf

Church before the fire.

Geography[edit]

Komańcza village and commune are located in Sanok County in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship. Filial churches are located in Czystohorb (3 km or 1.9 mi away) and Dułżyca (4 km or 2.5 mi). The municipality lies at an elevation of 482 m (1,581 ft) and covers an area of 8.3 km2 (3.2 sq mi). It has a population of about 880. Time zone : UTC+1/SummerUTC+2

Ethnic Groups
Main article: Pogorzans
Main article: Lemkos

Hiking trails[edit]

References[edit]