Krokodil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the magazine. For the street drug, see Desomorphine. For other uses, see Krokodil (disambiguation).
Крокодил
Cover of Krokodil magazine No 1 by I Malyutin.jpg
The Unexpected Appendix. The cover of the first issue of Krokodil by Ivan Malyutin.
Categories Satire and humor
Frequency 3 issues per month
Publisher Rabochaya Gazeta, Pravda
Year founded 1922
First issue 27 August 1922
Final issue 2006
Country Soviet Union
Language Russian
The Editorial Staff of Krokodil Discussing a Theme. The friendly jest by Pyotr Belyanin. 1929.

Krokodil (Russian: "Крокодил", "crocodile") was a satirical magazine published in the Soviet Union. It was founded in 1922, and named after Fyodor Dostoyevsky's satirical short story, The Crocodile[citation needed]. At that time, a large number of satirical magazines existed, such as Zanoza and Prozhektor. Nearly all of them eventually disappeared.

Although political satire was dangerous during much of the Soviet period, Krokodil was given considerable license to lampoon political figures and events. Typical and safe topics for lampooning in the Soviet era were the lack of initiative and imagination promoted by the style of an average Soviet middle-bureaucrat, and the problems produced by drinking on the job by Soviet workers. Krokodil also ridiculed capitalist countries and attacked various political, ethnic and religious groups that allegedly opposed the Soviet system. For example, at the time of the Doctors' plot it published a number of anti-semitic articles and cartoons.

Many notable persons contributed to the magazine, including Vladimir Mayakovsky, Kukriniksy, and Yuliy Ganf.

Similar magazines existed in all the Union republics, and in several ASSRs and in other states of the Soviet bloc, e.g. Стършел ("Wasp") in Bulgaria, Eulenspiegel in East Germany, Urzică ("The Nettle") in Romania and Dikobraz ("porcupine") in Czechoslovakia.

Among the vocal compositions of Dmitri Shostakovich, who is known for his satirical character, there are 5 Romances on texts from Krokodil Magazine (1965), taken from the section of magazine where were published real-life nonsense texts.

Republic Title Translation
Ukrainian SSR Перець Pepper
Belarusian SSR Вожык Hedgehog
Uzbek SSR Муштум Fist
Kazakh SSR Ара Bumblebee
Georgian SSR ნიანგი Crocodile
Azerbaijani SSR Кирпи Hedgehog
Lithuanian SSR Šluota Broom
Moldavian SSR Кипэруш Pepper
Latvian SSR Dadzis Bur
Kyrgyz SSR Чалкан Nettle
Tajik SSR Хорпуштак Hedgehog
Armenian SSR Ոզնի Hedgehog
Turkmen SSR Токмак Mallet
Estonian SSR Pikker Pikker
Bashkir ASSR Хэнэк Pitchfork
Chuvash ASSR Капкан Trap
Komi ASSR Чушканзі Wasp
Mari ASSR Пачемыш Wasp
Tatar ASSR Чаян Scorpion
Udmurt ASSR Шӧкыч Hornet

Reinstatement[edit]

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the magazine was discontinued. It was reinstated in 2005 in Russia, issued monthly, headquartered in Moscow, and with editor-in-chief Sergei Mostovshchikov. The reinstated version is deliberately printed on old Soviet-style paper.

External links[edit]