Lüneburg Heath Nature Park
In the north of the area known as the Lüneburg Heath in northern Germany, lies the Lüneburg Heath Nature Park (German: Naturpark Lüneburger Heide) with an area of 1,130 square kilometres (440 sq mi). In the centre of the nature park is the Lüneburg Heath Nature Reserve with an area of 23,440 hectares (57,900 acres).
The nature park belongs to the former province (Regierungsbezirk) of Lüneburg and, after its expansion in 2007, includes parts of the districts of Harburg, Lüneburg and Soltau-Fallingbostel. The Lüneburg Heath Nature Park is bordered in the north by Buchholz, in the east by Lüneburg, in the south by Soltau and in the west by Neuenkirchen. It lies roughly 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Hamburg, 70 km east of Bremen and 90 km north of Hanover. It was established as early as 1922, initially with 21,000 hectares (52,000 acres) of nature reserve. In 1993 this area was increased to 23,440 hectares (57,900 acres). By the beginning of 2007 the area of the nature reserve almost coincided with the area of the nature park. On 14 February 2007 the park was expanded to 113,000 hectares (280,000 acres). The areas added included various protected areas (Landschaftsschutzgebiete).
There are some 20 nature reserves (Naturschutzgebiete or NSGs) in the park.
NSGs with an area of more than 100 hectares are:
- Lüneburg Heath Nature Reserve 23,440 ha
- Upper Wümme Depression 1,415 ha
- Kiehnmoor 440 ha
- Upper Fintau valley 416 ha
- Valley of the Kleine Örtze 330 ha
- Schierbruch and Forellenbach valley 250 ha
- Brambostel Moor 105 ha
There are more than 50 protected landscapes (Landschaftsschutzgebiete or LSGs) in the park.
LSGs with an area of more than 500 hectares are:
- Garlstorfer Wald and the surrounding area 10,383 ha
- Munster-Oerrel 3,476 ha
- Sottorfer Busch 2,589 ha
- Eichenhaine (The Schweineweide) 2,239 ha
- Schwindebeck 1,750 ha
- Rosengarten Kiekeberg Stuvenwald 973 ha
- Woods on the edge of the Raubkammer 824 ha
- Riensheide 759 ha
- Lohbergen 550 ha
- Klecker Wald 517 ha
- Dolmens, tumuli, a stone chamber grave near Oldendorf/Luhe
- Glacial erratics, a "century stone" (Jahrhundertstein) near Soderstorf
- Lime trees, oaks, beech, Norway Spruce, Juniper, Myrica gale near Wesseloh, Holly near Soderstorf
- Deposited rocks (Wanderblöcke) at Heimbusch and near Egestorf (see glacial erratics)
- Source of the Schwindebach, a clay pit near Lieste and a "bottomless pit" near Soltau
- Schwalinger Flatt near Neuenkirchen (flat marshy lake from the ice age)
- Lüneburg Heath Nature Park Association (Verein Naturparkregion Lüneburger Heide)
- Lower Saxon Ministry with other links