La Perouse Bay

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La Perouse Bay, looking south

La Perouse Bay is located south of the town of Wailea, Hawaii at the end of Makena Alanui Road (State Highway 31) at 20°35′54″N 156°25′12″W / 20.59833°N 156.42000°W / 20.59833; -156.42000Coordinates: 20°35′54″N 156°25′12″W / 20.59833°N 156.42000°W / 20.59833; -156.42000. The bay's Hawaiian name is Keoneʻoʻio.[1] It was later named for the French explorer Captain Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse. In 1786, La Pérouse surveyed and mapped the prominent embayment near the southern cape of Maui opposite the island of Kahoʻolawe. The bay is the site of Maui's most recent volcanic activity.[2] The rounded peninsula that dominates the northern half of the bay and extends up the coast a short distance was formed about 900,000 years ago by an eruption of basaltic lava that originated in the southernmost landward expression of the Haleakalā Southwest Rift Zone. A small string of cinder cones extending inland to the northeast marks the axis of the rift zone.

La Perouse Bay lies directly south of the Ahihi-Kinau Natural Area Reserve. Fishing is prohibited within the reserve, which is home to many endemic and other fish species, marine mammals, green sea turtles, and coastal plants.[3] The area contains many archaeological sites, including fishing shrines, salt pans, and heiau, or religious platforms. The road ends at the parking lot/entrance to the seashore and marks the start of the King's Highway,[4] a trail that circumnavigated the island, originally built by Pi'ilani and later improved by Governor Hoapili, sometimes called the Hoapili trail.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2004). "lookup of Keoneoio". on Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  2. ^ "Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790". United States Geological Survey. September 9, 1999. 
  3. ^ Shannon Wianecki (Winter 2005). "a Rock and a Hard Place: Four conservationists explore the past and future of Keone’o’io". Maui No Ka 'Oi Magazine. 8 Number 4.  Article about La Perouse Bay and efforts to conserve the natural environment.
  4. ^ Jon Samson (Fall 2002). "Along the King's Trail". Maui No Ka 'Oi Magazine. Volume 6 Number 3.  Article about exploring the trails and marine life near La Perouse Bay.
  5. ^ "Hoapili Trail". Na Ala Hele Trail System. Hawaii State Department of Land and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2010-10-22. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Clark, John R. K. (1989). The Beaches of Maui County. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press. pp. 33–34. ISBN 0-8248-1246-8.