Lake Saiful Muluk
The lake is a popular tourist destination for Pakistani tourists.
|Lake type||Mountainous lake|
|Primary inflows||glacial runoff|
|Surface area||2.75 km2 (1.06 sq mi)|
|Surface elevation||3,224 metres (10,577 ft)|
Saiful Muluk (Urdu: جھیل سیف الملوک)is a mountainous lake located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley ( ), near the town of Naran. It is in the north east of Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. At an altitude of 3,224 m (10,578 feet) above sea level, it is well above the tree line, and is amongst one of the highest altitude lakes in Pakistan.
Saiful Muluk is located in district Mansehra of Hazara Division. It is about eight kilometers north of Naran, in the Northern part of Kaghan valley. Malika Parbat, the highest peak in the valley is located near the lake.
The lake is accessible from the nearby town of Naran throughout the summer season. Jeeps can be hired for the 45 minute journey, or one may hike between Naran and lake - a journey which takes approximately 5 hours. The lake can be visited from start of June all through the mid-way September. There are several treks beyond the lake which takes one to several other scenic destinations of the valley including Ansoo Lake and Lalazar.
‘Malika Parbat’ is the highest mountain in the Hazara Division, and it is clearly visible from the popular tourist spots around the lake.  The mountain's glaciers provide the source for the lake's clear waters.
Saiful Muluk was formed by glacial moraines that blocked the water of the stream passing through the valley. The entire Kaghan Valley was part of the greater Pleistocene Period dating back almost 300,000 years when much of the strata were covered with heavy sheets of ice. Rising temperatures and receding glaciers,left a large depression where glaciers once stood. Melting water collected into the lake.
The lake boosts of rich eco diversity and holds large species of blue-green algae and is home of the famous Trout fish. Large brown trout are found in the lake, each typically weighing about seven kilograms. About 26 species of vascular plant exist in the area, with Asteraceae the most commonly found specie. Other species commonly found in the region are: Ranunculaceae, Compositae, Ranunculaceae, Cruciferae, Gramineae, Apiaceae, Leguminosae, Scrophulariaceae and Polygonaceae.
The Lake in Poetry
A fairy tale called Saiful Muluk, written by the famous Sufi poet Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, is associated with the lake. It is the story of the prince of Persia who fell in love with a fairy princess at the lake named. The impact of the lake's beauty is of such extent that people believe that fairies come down to the lake in the full moon. A poet and writer from Balakot Ahmed Hussain Mujahid wrote the story of Saiful Muluk in prose depicting the local version.
- Zia-ur-Rehman Mashwani; Muhammad Arshad, Mushtaq Ahmad, Mir Ajab Khan (June 2011). "Diversity and distribution pattern of alpine vegetation along Lake Saif-ul-Mulook, Western Himalaya, Pakistan" (PDF). International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (Singapore: International Association of Computer Science and Information Technology Press) 16: 155–162. doi:10.7763/IPCBEE. ISSN 2010-4618. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- Ihsan Ali. "Natural Heritage of Kaghan Valley" (PDF). Mapping and Documentation of the Cultural Assets of Kaghan Valley, Mansehra (Report). Islamabad: UNESCO. p. 46. http://unesco.org.pk/culture/documents/publications/Mapping%20and%20Documentation%20of%20the%20Cultural%20Assets%20of%20Kaghan%20Valley,%20Mansehra.pdf. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- Manzoor Hussain; Ghulam Mujtaba Shah, Mir Ajab Khan (5 March 2006). "Traditional Medicinal and Economic uses of Gymnosperms of Kaghan Valley, Pakistan". Ethnobotanical Leaflets 10: 72. ISSN 1948-3570. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- J. Ehlers; P.L. Gibbard (29 July 2004). Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology (2 ed.). Elsevier. pp. 305–306. ISBN 978-0444515933. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Muhammad Yaqoob (14 March 2003). "Production and culture of trout in the Northwest Frontier Province and Northern Areas of Pakistan, A review". In T. Peter, S. B. Swar. Cold water fisheries in the trans-Himalayan countries. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 327. ISBN 978-9251048078. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Saif-ul-Malook in miniature art
- Pristine lakes of the north
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lakes of Pakistan.|