Landstuhl

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Landstuhl
Coat of arms of Landstuhl
Coat of arms
Landstuhl   is located in Germany
Landstuhl
Landstuhl
Coordinates: 49°24′44″N 07°34′20″E / 49.41222°N 7.57222°E / 49.41222; 7.57222Coordinates: 49°24′44″N 07°34′20″E / 49.41222°N 7.57222°E / 49.41222; 7.57222
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Kaiserslautern
Municipal assoc. Landstuhl
Government
 • Mayor Ralf Hersina
Area
 • Total 15.34 km2 (5.92 sq mi)
Elevation 248 m (814 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 8,435
 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 66849
Dialling codes 06371
Vehicle registration KL
Website www.landstuhl.de

Landstuhl (German pronunciation: [ˈlantʃtuːl]) is a municipality of over 9,000 people in southwestern Germany. It is part of the district of Kaiserslautern, in the Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, and is home to the Sickinger Schloss, a small castle. It is situated on the north-western edge of the Palatinate forest, approx. 10 km west of Kaiserslautern.

The earliest traces of human settlement in Landstuhl are from 500 BCE; the “Heidenfels” (i.e. heathen rock) from the Celtic period was a holy site even into Roman times, and a Roman settlement dates from the 1st Century CE.

The place is said[note 1] to have been called, late in the first millennium, Nannenstuhl, with the sense "seat of Nanthari"[2] (who was also called "Nanno"); perhaps once memory of Nathari was centuries dead, the reference to him mutated into "Land", with "Land­stuhl" construable as "seat [for governing] [the settlement's surrounding] territory".

In the 15th Century, the von Sickingen noble family assumed responsibility for Landstuhl and the surrounding area.[3] The most famous member of this family was Franz von Sickingen. Franz von Sickingen built his castle in Landstuhl – Burg Nanstein (the most visible landmark in Landstuhl and the surrounding area) - into a dominating fortress that was supplemented by Burg Landstuhl. From this base he moved to expand his domains by conquering other parts of southwestern Germany.

After several defeats, von Sickingen withdrew to his castle and was besieged by Richard Greiffenklau, Archbishop of Trier, and the Counts of the Rhine and Hesse. During the bombardment of Nanstein, Franz von Sickingen was killed. The castle was later expanded by von Sickingen’s descendants, but it was heavily damaged by the French in 1689.

Landstuhl is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") Landstuhl.

Landstuhl is the location of Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, a major U.S. Army hospital,[3] consequently there are many Americans living in the area. Landstuhl is also known for being the birthplace of these Americans:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [Anonymous], "Village names related to the surname Nendel", asserts -- citing Hermann Schreibmüller's Die Ahnen Kaiser Konrads II. und Bischof Brunos von Würzburg -- that "The village Landstuhl in the Palatinate was called Nannenstuhl in the 8th century...."
    (Availability of the H.S. work seems limited - - - -.)

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