Las Hermosas National Natural Park

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Parque Nacional Natural Las Hermosas
Las Hermosas National Natural Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Hermosas JAL.jpg
Laguna Las Mellizas, Las Hermosas National Natural Park
Map showing the location of Parque Nacional Natural Las Hermosas
Map showing the location of Parque Nacional Natural Las Hermosas
Nearest city Santiago de Cali, Colombia
Coordinates 3°32′N 75°57′W / 3.533°N 75.950°W / 3.533; -75.950Coordinates: 3°32′N 75°57′W / 3.533°N 75.950°W / 3.533; -75.950
Area 1,250 km2 (480 sq mi)
Established May 1977[1]
Governing body SINAP

The Las Hermosas National Natural Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Natural Las Hermosas) is a national park located in the Valle del Cauca and Tolima departments, at the highest elevation[2] of Cordillera Central range in the Andean Region of Colombia. Its main feature is probably the wetlands and 387 glacial lakes.[2]

General[edit]

The park is bounded by the Magdalena River and Cauca River.[3] Its elevation range from 1,600 m (5,200 ft) to 4,400 m (14,400 ft) above mean sea level.[2] The area has a canyon, formed by the surrounding rivers, but it is hard to access. It is of historical importance as it was one of the most defended areas by the indigenous Pijao peoples against the Spanish Conquistadors.[4]

Three types of geological formations are found in the area: intrusive igneous rocks, metamorphic rock and formations from more recent volcanic eruptions.[5]

Climate[edit]

Average yearly rainfall is 2000 mm at the lower elevations and 1500 mm above 3,000 m (9,800 ft). Average temperature is 24°C at the lower elevations, and 4°C at the highest. December-March and July-August are dry periods.[4]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Noteworthy plants include: wax palm trees, Podocarpus oleifolius, Aniba perutilis, Ocotea heterochroma, Chuquiraga jussieui, Passiflora tenerifensis and Andean Walnut.[6]

The most diverse group of fauna are the birds, followed by the mammals and reptiles.[4] Recorded mammals include: spectacled bear, mountain tapir, cougar, oncilla, pudú, white-tailed deer.[6] Fish in the glacial lakes feed on green algae, blue-green algae and unicellular algae found throughout the 387 lakes.[4]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ IUCN 1982, p. 134
  2. ^ a b c Villegas & Sesana 2007, p. 169
  3. ^ "Parque Nacional Natural Las Hermosas" (in Spanish). Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d Villegas & Sesana 2007, p. 170
  5. ^ IUCN 1982, p. 135
  6. ^ a b "Naturaleza y Ciencia del Parque Nacional Natural Las Hermosas" (in Spanish). Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]