Lewis Leigh Fermor
Sir Lewis Leigh Fermor, OBE, FRS (18 September 1880 - 24 May 1954), was a British geologist and the first president of the Indian National Science Academy. His son was the writer and traveller, Sir Patrick Leigh Fermor.
Fermor was born in Peckham in south London. His father, also Lewis Fermor, was a clerk at the London Joint Stock Bank (acquired by the Midland Bank in 1917). He was educated at Wilson's Grammar School in Camberwell and studied metallurgy at the Royal School of Mines, with scholarships at each, and winning the Murchison medal for geology at the latter. He was too old to accept an exhibition that he won at London University.
He arrived in India in 1902, having accepted a position as assistant superintendent in the Geological Survey of India. He was one of the founders of geology in India. His major interest was in Archaean geology, and in igneous and metamorphic rocks. He was curator of the geology collection at the Indian Museum from 1905 to 1907. He did important work on deposits of manganese and coal, and he was awarded a Doctorate of Science by London University in 1909. He first described the mineral Hollandite in 1906 and the mineral Fermorite, discovered in 1910, is named after him. He became a superintendent in the Geological Survey of India in 1910, and was awarded an OBE for his work for the Indian Railway Board and then the Indian Munitions Board during the First World War.
In 1921 he was awarded the Bigsby Medal of the Geological Society of London for a paper published in 1913 on the use of garnet as a geological barometer, as a marker of the pressures to which rocks had been subjected. He was a founder member of the Mining and Geological Institute of India, and its president in 1922. After several periods as acting director, he was director of the Geological Survey of India from 1932 to 1935. He was a Trustee of the Indian Museum from 1930 to 1935, president of the 20th session of the Indian Science Congress in 1933, became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1934, and he was knighted by the Government of India in 1935. He was president of the Asiatic Society of Bengal from 1933 to 1936, and the first elected president of the National Institute of Sciences of India in 1935. After retiring as director of the Geological Survey of India in 1935, he continued to live and work mainly in India until 1939, also visiting Kenya and South Africa. He continued to contribute to learned societies, and also worked as a geological consultant for private businesses. He was president of the Bristol Naturalists' Society in 1945, and vice-president of the Geological Society of London from 1945 to 1947.
Fermor married Muriel Eileen (or Aeyleen) Ambler, ten years his junior, in 1909. Her grandfather was Warrant Officer (William) James Ambler on HMS Bellerophon when Napoléon I surrendered to it. Their son, Patrick Leigh Fermor (1915-2011), was raised and educated in England and did not visit his father in India; he later became well known for his travel writing. Fermor was separated from his first wife; after she died in 1933, he married Frances Mary Case.
- "Sir Lewis Leigh Fermor obituary from Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science". Patrickleighfermor.wordpress.com. 2010-04-30. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- "Sir Lewis Leigh Fermor". Patrickleighfermor.wordpress.com. 2010-09-19. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Henry Crookshank, ‘Fermor, Sir Lewis Leigh (1880–1954)’, rev. Andrew Grout, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 26 April 2013
- "Fermor L L (1906) Manganese in India, Transactions of the Mining and Geological Institute of India, 1, 69-131" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- "Fermorite mineral information and data". mindat.org. 2013-03-25. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- "Charles Taafe Ambler, writing about his father, James Ambler". Genealogy.com. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Obituary of Sir Lewis Leigh Fermor from the Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Vol.23 (Sept. 1954), p. 285-286.
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