Library (White House)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
White House ground floor showing location of the White House Library
The White House Library looking west, northwest during the Clinton administration

The White House Library is located on the Ground Floor of the White House, the official home of the President of the United States. The room is approximately 27 by 23 feet (8.2 by 7.0 m) and is located in the northeast of the ground floor. The Library is used for teas and meetings by the President and First Lady. During the 1950s reconstruction of the White House, old building timber was salvaged and re-made into wall paneling. Several basement rooms in the White House are paneled with salvaged building materials from the pre-reconstructed White House.

History[edit]

John Adams, the first President to live in the White House, used this room as a laundry room; at that time it was said to have been filled with "Tubs, Buckets, and a variety of Lumber." During the 1850-1853 presidency of Millard Fillmore, Congressional funding was requested to establish a White House library. The library was established during the Fillmore presidency, spearheaded by the First Lady, Abigail Fillmore. This library was originally located in the Yellow Oval Room and was maintained there until 1929 when it was moved to its current location by the Hoover administration. By the time of this relocation there were almost no books remaining in the mansion. The American Booksellers Association donated books to fix the situation and they continued to donate books in subsequent administrations. The room saw only slight modifications until the Truman reconstruction in 1952, when the room was paneled in salvaged timbers from the White House's former timber frame. These were left unpainted until the administration of John F. Kennedy, when decorator Stéphane Boudin recreated the room as a painted Federal style parlor.

To stand out, an unusual lighthouse clock was made by Simon Willard to commemorate the visit of the Marquis de Lafayette to the United States in 1824-25. A likeness of Lafayette appears in a medallion on its base.

The Library provides access to a men's lounge and restroom.

Further reading[edit]

  • Abbott James A., and Elaine M. Rice. Designing Camelot: The Kennedy White House Restoration. Van Nostrand Reinhold: 1998. ISBN 0-442-02532-7.
  • Abbott, James A. Jansen. Acanthus Press: 2006. ISBN 0-926494-33-3.
  • Garrett, Wendell. Our Changing White House. Northeastern University Press: 1995. ISBN 1-55553-222-5.
  • Leish, Kenneth. The White House. Newsweek Book Division: 1972. ISBN 0-88225-020-5.
  • McKellar, Kenneth, Douglas W. Orr, Edward Martin, et al. Report of the Commission on the Renovation of the Executive Mansion. Commission on the Renovation of the Executive Mansion, Government Printing Office: 1952.
  • Monkman, Betty C. The White House: The Historic Furnishing & First Families. Abbeville Press: 2000. ISBN 0-7892-0624-2.
  • Parisian, Catherine E., ed. The First White House Library: A History and Annotated Catalogue. Pennsylvania State University Press for the Bibliographical Society of America and the National First Ladies' Library, 2010. ISBN 978-0-271-03713-4.
  • Seale, William. The President's House. White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society: 1986. ISBN 0-912308-28-1.
  • Seale, William, The White House: The History of an American Idea. White House Historical Association: 1992, 2001. ISBN 0-912308-85-0.
  • West, J.B. with Mary Lynn Kotz. Upstairs at the White House: My Life with the First Ladies. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan: 1973. SBN 698-10546-X.
  • Exhibition Catalogue, Sale 6834: The Estate of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis April 23–26, 1996. Sothebys, Inc.: 1996.
  • The White House: An Historic Guide. White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society: 2001. ISBN 0-912308-79-6.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°53′51.6″N 77°2′10.8″W / 38.897667°N 77.036333°W / 38.897667; -77.036333